short story about Early Signs of Autism

داستان کوتاه به زبان انگلیسی درباره ی اوتیسم و نشانه های اولیه آن
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Early Signs of Autism

Read the passage and then decide if the statements below are True or False. Write True or False in the gap

Sam is a toddler that is not developing at the same rate as his peers. At age two, his parents noticed that his language was delayed. He did not respond to his name when called. Sam also did not like interacting with other children or playing “peek-a-boo” with his parents. After his parents discussed their concerns with their pediatrician, they had Sam assessed. Once Sam was tested, they learned that he had Autism.

Autism is a brain disorder that affects the development of children starting at a young age. The causes of Autism are unknown and it is not easily detected until about age two or three. There are different degrees of Autism which are rated on a spectrum scale. A mild case is on one end of the spectrum and often referred to as Asperger’s Syndrome. Children with Aspergers are usually fairly high functioning and intelligent. Their disability is in the ability to relate to others. On the other end of the spectrum, severe cases of Autism can occur. Some of these cases include the inability to communicate entirely.

According to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, 1 in 150 children have Autism. It is thought to be on the rise, and it is three to four times more likely to occur in boys than in girls. Siblings of a child with Autism are also more at risk for having Autism. All races, social classes and ethnicities are affected by Autism. Because early intervention is so important, it is essential for parents to know the signs that may indicate the need to be screened by a doctor. First Signs, Inc. ( lists the following as early signs of Autism:

· Little or no eye contact

· Does not respond to name, acts deaf

· Language delay

· Does not meet developmental milestones (i.e. crawling, walking)

· Uses repetitive actions or words

· Displays hand flapping and/or toe walking

· Regression or loss of skills

· Demonstrates inappropriate play or behavior

· Prefers to be alone

· Over or under-reactive sensory input (i.e. touch, sound, taste, sight, hearing)

· Rocks or bangs head, likes spinning

If you have a child or you know a child that demonstrates some of these signs, and you are concerned that he or she might have Autism, talk to the child’s doctor. The sooner a child with Autism is diagnosed, the sooner he or she can start receiving special services and help that will lead to greater success for the child and family.

Question No. /

Sam is not good at communicating with others.

Sam’s parents didn’t understand he has Autism.

It’s easy to understand which child has autism.

Autism can be mild or sever.

The scientists haven’t found the reason of autism yet.

There are fewer girls who have autism, in compare to the boys.

Autism can be cured easily.


Word Meaning Example

toddler (noun)

a baby who has learned how to walk

The playground has a special area for toddlers

respond (verb)

to do something as a reaction to something that has been said or done SYN react

Responding to the news, Mr Watt appealed for calm.

pediatrician (noun)

a doctor who deals with children and their illnesses


assess (verb)

to make a judgment about a person or situation after thinking carefully about it SYN judge

a report to assess the impact of advertising on children

detect (verb)

to notice or discover something, especially something that is not easy to see, hear etc

Many forms of cancer can be cured if detected early.

fairly (adverb)

more than a little, but much less than very → quite

The house had a fairly large garden.

occur (verb)

to happen

A third of accidental deaths occur in the home.

entirely (adverb)

completely and in every possible way → partially

Her reasons were not entirely clear.

flap (verb)

to behave in an excited or nervous way

There’s no need to flap!

regression (noun)

the act of returning to an earlier condition that is worse or less developed OPP progression



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