Strokes – What You Need to Know

Read the passage and then decide if the statements below are True or False. Write True or False in the gap

700,000 Americans suffer a stroke every year. It is one of the leading causes of disability in America. More than 160,000 people in the United States die of strokes each year. It is the nation’s third leading killer.Strokes occur in all age groups, in both gender, and in all races in every country. They can even occur before birth, when the fetus is still in the womb. In African Americans, strokes are more common and more deadly – even in young and middle-aged adults – than for any ethnic or other racial group in the United States. African American adults are 50% more likely than their White adult counterparts to have a stroke.

A stroke occurs when the blood supply to part of the brain is suddenly interrupted or when a blood vessel in the brain bursts, spilling blood into the spaces surrounding brain cells. Brain cells die when they no longer receive oxygen and nutrients from the blood or there is sudden bleeding into or around the brain. There are two kinds of stroke. The most common kind of stroke is caused by a blood clot that blocks or plugs a blood vessel in the brain. The other kind of stroke is caused by a blood vessel that breaks and bleeds into the brain.

What are the risk factors? A risk factor is a condition or behavior that occurs more frequently in those who have, or are at greater risk of getting, a disease than in those who don’t. Having a risk factor for stroke, doesn’t mean you’ll have a stroke. On the other hand, not having a risk factor doesn’t mean you’ll avoid a stroke. Your risk of stroke does grow as the number and severity of risk factors increases.

Stroke prevention is the best medicine. Some of the most treatable conditions linked to strokes are:

High Blood Pressure – Treat it. Eat a balanced diet, maintain a healthy weight, and exercise
to reduce blood pressure.

Cigarette Smoking – Quit. Ask your doctor for help.

Heart Disease – Manage it. Your doctor can treat your heart disease and may prescribe
medication to help prevent blood clots.

Diabetes – Control it. Treatment can delay complications that increase the risk of stroke.

Physical Inactivity – Just move. Activities such as brisk walking, riding a bicycle,
swimming, and yard work lower the risk of both stroke and heart disease.

High Cholesterol – Have power over it. High cholesterol in the blood is a major risk factor
for heart disease and raises your risk of stroke.

Illegal drugs – Don’t use them. Intravenous drug abuse carries a high risk of stroke.
Cocaine use has been linked to strokes and heart attacks. Some have been fatal even in
first-time users.

Contact your doctor right way, if you experience any of these stroke symptoms: sudden numbness or weakness, especially on one side of the body; sudden confusion or trouble speaking; sudden trouble seeing in one or both eyes; sudden trouble walking, loss of balance, or dizziness; or sudden severe headache with no known cause.

Question No. /

Stroke can happen in all ages, races and gender.

Black Americans are more at risk of stroke.

White adult Americans are highly at risk of stroke.

Blood is responsible for stroke.

If someone has the risk factor, they will have stroke sooner or later.

The best medicine is to go to doctor every 6 month.

Illegal drug can cause a stroke but after several times of using.

 

Word Meaning Example

race (noun)

one of the main groups that humans can be divided into according to the color of their skin and other physical features

The school welcomes childrenof all races

ethnic (adjective)

relating to a particular race,nation, or tribe and their customs and traditions

The school teaches pupils from differentethnic groups

counterpart (noun)

someone or something that has the same job or purposeas someone or something else in a different place

Belgian officials are discussing this with their French counterparts.

interrupt (Verb)

to make a process or activity stop temporarily

My studies were interrupted by the war.

severe (adjective)

severe problems,injuries ,illnesses etc are very bad or very serious

She’s suffering from severe depression.

maintain (verb)

make something continue in the same way or at the same standardas before

A lot depends on building and maintaining a good relationship with your customers.

complication (noun)

a medical problem or illness that happens while someone is already ill and make streatment more difficult

Pneumonia is one of the common complications faced by bed-ridden patients.

intravenous (adjective)

through or into avein

intravenous drug users.

abuse (verb)

the use of something in a way that it should not be used

A self-monitoring tax system is clearlyopen to abuse

fatal (adjective)

resulting in someone’s death

a fatal climbing accident

confusion (noun)

when you do notunderstand what is happening or what something means because it is not clear

The diversion led toconsiderable confusion.

 

برای دسترسی به دروس بیشتر به لینک زیر مراجعه کنید.

گرامر صفر تا صد زبان انگلیسی

لسنینگ از مبتدی تا پیشرفته

لغات زبان انگلیسی به تفکیک موضوع

درک مطلب از سطح مبتدی تا پیشرفته

تمامی موضوعات آیلتس اسپیکینگ پارت یک، دو و سه همراه با جواب

 

نظرات کاربران

ماژیک فسفری

با استفاده از ماژیک فسفری می توانید کلمات و بخش های مهم را برای خود علامت گذاری نمایید و هنگام پاسخ به آزمون از آنها استفاده کنید. برای از بین بردن بخش های رنگی دوباره روی آن کلیک نمایید.

دفترچه یادداشت

هر تعدادی که دوست دارید دفترچه یادداشت ایجاد کنید و نکات مهم را در آن بنویسید.
برای استفاده از دفترچه یادداشت بر روی قسمتی از درس یا آزمون که می خواهید در آنجا نکته ی مهمی را قرار دهید کلیک نمایید.سپس در آن قسمت یک دفترچه یادداشت جدید ایجاد میشود و با کلیک بر روی آن می توانید بازش کنید و نکته های مهم را بنویسید.