The History of Basketball

Read the passage and then decide if the statements below are True or False. Write True or False in the gap

The basketball player steals the ball. He passes it down the court to an open teammate. The teammate shoots. A defender tries to block the shot. No luck. The ball is sailing toward the hoop. Swish! The basket is good. The crowd cheers!!! Two points are added to the home team’s score. Many people throughout the world love the game of basketball. It is an exciting game to watch and to play. Who do we have to thank for inventing this great game?

Dr. James Naismith and Dr. Luther Gulick are the men to thank. In December 1891, Naismith, a 31 year old Canadian native, invented the game, and Gulick prompted him to do so. Naismith was a graduate student at the YMCA Training School in Springfield, Massachusetts. He was studying physical education, |and Gulick was the superintendent of the physical education department. Gulick challenged the physical education graduate students to come up with, “an indoor game that would be interesting, easy to learn, and easy to play in the winter by artificial light.” He wanted a game that would force players to use their minds and their bodies, a game of skill and strength.

Only Naismith took the challenge seriously. The concept of basketball was born from a game Naismith enjoyed as a child. He and school friends would play “duck-on-a-rock”. The game involved attempting to knock a “duck” off the top of a large rock by tossing another rock at it. The first games of basketball were played with a soccer ball (it was easier to dribble than a football) and two peach baskets. The baskets were nailed to the gymnasium's balcony at the height of ten feet to be used as goals. A person stood on top of a ladder to retrieve the ball. Naismith devised a set of thirteen rules for this new game of basketball. The original thirteen rules have stood the test of time pretty well. Here are some of them:

- A player cannot run with the ball. The player must throw it from the spot on which
he catches it.

- No shouldering, holding, pushing, striking or tripping in any way of an opponent. The first infringement of this rule by any person shall count as a foul; the second shall disqualify him until the next goal is made or, if there was evident intent to injure the person, for the whole of the game. No substitution shall be allowed.

- The time shall be two fifteen minute halves with five minutes’ rest between.

- The side making the most goals in that time shall be declared the winners.

The popularity of basketball spread quickly. It was introduced in many nations as early as 1893. It became an Olympic sport at the Berlin games in 1936. Naismith was flown to Berlin to watch those games. He died in 1939.

Question No. /

Basketball is a game with five players.

Doctor Gulick invented this game while he was throwing a paper into the basket.

The inventor of basketball studied in America.

Basketball is a game of skill and strength.

At first people used to play basketball with a soccer ball.

The game lasts 35 minutes.

Basketball was first played in Olympics in 1939.

 

 

Word Meaning Example

prompt (verb)

to make people say or do something as areaction

The decision prompted an out cry among prominent US campaigners.

artificial (adjective)

notrealor not made ofnaturalthings but made to be like something that is real or natural

artificial flowers artificial light artificial fertilizers.

attempt (noun)

an act of trying to do something, especially something difficult

All attempts to control inflation have failed.

toss (verb)

to throw something, especially something light, with a quick gentle movement of your hand

She crumpled the letter and tossed it into the fire.

retrieve (verb)

to find something and bring it back

She bent down to retrieve her earring.

devise (verb)

to plan orinventa new way of doing something.

She devised a method for quicker communications between offices.

trip (noun)

anactof falling as a result ofhitting something with yourfoot

accidents caused by trips or falls.

opponent (noun)

someone who you try to defeat in a competition, game, fight, orargument

During the primary elections, McCain was Bush’s leading opponent.

intent (adjective)

giving careful attention to something so that you think about nothing else

Intent upon her work, she didn’t notice the cold.

declared (adjective)

stated officially and publicly

It is their declared intention to increase taxes.

 

برای دسترسی به دروس بیشتر به لینک زیر مراجعه کنید.

گرامر صفر تا صد زبان انگلیسی

لسنینگ از مبتدی تا پیشرفته

لغات زبان انگلیسی به تفکیک موضوع

درک مطلب از سطح مبتدی تا پیشرفته

تمامی موضوعات آیلتس اسپیکینگ پارت یک، دو و سه همراه با جواب

 

نظرات کاربران

ماژیک فسفری

با استفاده از ماژیک فسفری می توانید کلمات و بخش های مهم را برای خود علامت گذاری نمایید و هنگام پاسخ به آزمون از آنها استفاده کنید. برای از بین بردن بخش های رنگی دوباره روی آن کلیک نمایید.

دفترچه یادداشت

هر تعدادی که دوست دارید دفترچه یادداشت ایجاد کنید و نکات مهم را در آن بنویسید.
برای استفاده از دفترچه یادداشت بر روی قسمتی از درس یا آزمون که می خواهید در آنجا نکته ی مهمی را قرار دهید کلیک نمایید.سپس در آن قسمت یک دفترچه یادداشت جدید ایجاد میشود و با کلیک بر روی آن می توانید بازش کنید و نکته های مهم را بنویسید.