when the articles are used

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When to use the

A The definite article (the) is most commonly used:

1 when there is only one of something, either in existence or in a particular context.

I'd like to speak to the manager, please.

2 when something is mentioned again.

'I've read three novels and two plays by Camus.' 'What did you think of the plays?'

3 when both listener and speaker know what is being referred to.

Hurry up! The film starts in 10 minutes.

4 when talking about a specific aspect of something, where the noun is followed by of.

We're studying the history of architecture.

5 to speak generally about certain groups of singular countable nouns.

The mobile phone is thought to pose a serious threat to health


Animal species : The whale is still hunted by some countries such as Japan.

with adjectives referring to general classes of people, e.g the homeless, the blind, the deaf, the rich, the poor, the old, the young, the French, the Spanish

Not enough is being done to help the homeless.

7 with superlatives.

Who is the greatest footballer in the world?

8 with musical instruments.

I'd love to learn to play the piano.

9 with types of transport which have a fixed timetable.

Shall we get the bus or cake a taxi?

10 with some countries, e.g the USA, the UK

11 with oceans, mountain ranges, deserts, rivers, etc, e.g the Atlantic, the Pyrenees, the Sahara, the Thames

12 with some geographical areas.

we're going to the mountains rather than the coast.

When to use A or AN

B The indefinite article (a/an) is most commonly used:

when a singular countable noun is mentioned for the first time.

A man went into a bar with a fish.

when referring to any one of several things.

It's quiet in here. Shall I put a record on?

3 when talking about a person's job.

My father is a nuclear scientist.

4  with some numbers, e.g a hundred and one dalmatians, a thousand people, a million pounds

5 when it means 'per' in some expressions, e.g twice a day, 50 miles an hour, £80 a week

No article is used

1 when referring to nouns in a general sense.

a Plural countable nouns

Do you think computers will replace teachers?

b Abstract nouns

We sang songs of love and peace.

c Other uncountable nouns

Alan won't eat cheese or meat.

2 with most streets, towns, cities and countries.

I went to Bond Street wizen I was in London.

3 when a town's name is used with a building, e.g Luton Airport, Oxford University.

4 in many common expressions, e.g to go home,

to go to work/  school/  university/  prison/  hospital/  church/  bed/  to go on holiday, to be at home /work /  school/university, to be in hospital/  church/  bed/  prison, to go by car/  bus/  coach/  train/  plane, to have breakfast/   lunch/  dinner (but have a meal), at night (but in the morning/afternoon/evening)

Look at the gap below. you need to fill them with apropriate article. Write a / an / - / the in the gap.

Question No. /

Moving to United States was most exciting thing I have ever done. I moved last year to New York. New York is Gap(an)] exciting city, full of In fact, I saw famous actor on street yesterday!

Question No. /

Today, I have job interview at financial company. It has offices all over I’m not sure that I have skills to get hired. I hope so companies’s office is on Main Street. That’s same street my friend works on.

Question No. /

If I get hired, I could meet him after work for drinks. That would be great. He’s from He works 8 hours day, 5 days week.

Question No. /

I have two brothers. One, Greg, is still in college, and other, Mike, has already graduated. Mike is kind of guy that is very serious. I don’t remember last time I saw him. It may have been in August. He was wearing red sweater. It matched his red hair.

Question No. /

After dinner, I usually wash dishes. My wife hates doing it. I waste a lot of water when I do it. That’s bad for environment, I think.

Question No. /

We live near sea. most houses in this area are expensive.

Question No. /

When I drive to work, usually highways are really busy. If there’s accident during rush hour, it can be chaos on the roads.

Question No. /

I don’t watch TV. I get information and news, etc., from Internet. I don’t often go to cinema, either.

Question No. /

I’m interested in finance. I heard Euro is losing value, compared to US dollar.

Question No. /

I like Japan crime is infrequent there. When I fly to Japan, I usually fly to Narita Airport. The last time I was in Japan, I climbed Mount Fuji. It was fun.


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اینجا کلیک کنید

ماژیک فسفری

با استفاده از ماژیک فسفری می توانید کلمات و بخش های مهم را برای خود علامت گذاری نمایید و هنگام پاسخ به آزمون از آنها استفاده کنید. برای از بین بردن بخش های رنگی دوباره روی آن کلیک نمایید.

دفترچه یادداشت

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برای استفاده از دفترچه یادداشت بر روی قسمتی از درس یا آزمون که می خواهید در آنجا نکته ی مهمی را قرار دهید کلیک نمایید.سپس در آن قسمت یک دفترچه یادداشت جدید ایجاد میشود و با کلیک بر روی آن می توانید بازش کنید و نکته های مهم را بنویسید.