Happy Halloween

There are 7 sentences which are the summery of each paragraph. match the summeries and the paragraphs.

A  The fire brings us from darkness to the light

B  pagan festival disapproved by the church

C  Hungry dead sprite scares off the devil ghost

D A brief explanation on how this holiday started

E  Turnip turned into a pumpkin

F The hot days stand for being alive and the cold days stand for being dead

G  combination of three day in one name

Question No. /

Leaves have fallen from the trees, a cool autumn breeze is in the air, pumpkins, candy and ghosts abound – these are all sure signs that Halloween is near. This October 31st holiday began over 2000 years ago in what is now Ireland and Europe. It grew out of a Celtic celebration called Samhain (pronounced sow-en). This pagan holiday combined the Celt’s harvest and New Year festivals. Time, order and structure were abolished, and chaos was encouraged to reign during the three-day festival.

The day before Samhain was considered the last day of summer (or of the old year) and the day after Samhain was the first day of winter (or of the new year). It was associated with the seasonal cycles of life and death as the last crops were harvested and livestock were brought in for winter or for slaughter.

Being between seasons or years, Samhain was considered a magical and fearful time. The barrier between the worlds of the living and dead broke and spirits walked on the Earth. People tried to make contact with friendly spirits of the dead, who were often seen as sources of guidance. Many people wore masks made of animal heads and skins to frighten off evil spirits. It was thought that the spirits of the dead required food and drink. So, during the festival people would leave various articles of food outside to appease the spirits. The sprits would go door-to-door demanding the best food and wine. If none were given, a hungry and possibly irritated spirit might enter the house and cause trouble for the home dwellers.

Sacred bonfires were very important during the fiery festival. They provided light against the growing darkness and evil spirits. As the celebration ended, families carried home embers from the fire to relight their hearth fires.

The Jack-O’-Lantern is said to have come from this age-old practice of carrying home embers in hollowed-out turnips. In an Irish folk tale, a man named Jack once escaped the devil with a turnip lantern. When the Irish came to America, Jack’s turnip was exchanged for the more easily carved pumpkin.

Christians tried to replace the pagan festival with a church-approved holiday. November 1st was designated All Saints’ Day to honor saints and martyrs, and November 2nd became All Soul’s Day, a day to remember the departed and to pray for their souls.

Together, All Saints’ Eve, All Saints’ Day and All Souls’ Day were called Hallowmas. The night before, came to be called All-hallows Evening. After some time, the name was shortened to “Halloween.”

Word

Meaning

Example

abound (verb)

to exist in very large numbers 

Examples of this abound in her book.

 pagan (adjective)

pagan religious beliefs and customs do not belong to any of the main religions of the world, and may come from a time before these religions 

ancient pagan temples

 abolish (verb)

to officially end a law, system etc, especially one that has existed for a long time 

Slavery was abolished in the US in the 19th century.

 reign (verb)

to rule a nation or group of nations as their king, queen, or emperor

George VI reigned from 1936 to 1952.

slaughter (verb)

to kill an animal, especially for its meat

 

city dweller

person or animal that lives in a particular place 

City dwellers suffer higher pollution levels.

ember (noun)

a piece of wood or coal that stays red and very hot after a fire has stopped burning

glowing embers

 lantern (noun)

a lamp that you can carry, consisting of a metal container with glass sides that surrounds a flame or light

 

 

برای دسترسی به دروس بیشتر به لینک زیر مراجعه کنید.

گرامر صفر تا صد زبان انگلیسی

لسنینگ از مبتدی تا پیشرفته

لغات زبان انگلیسی به تفکیک موضوع

درک مطلب از سطح مبتدی تا پیشرفته

تمامی موضوعات آیلتس اسپیکینگ پارت یک، دو و سه همراه با جواب

 

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ماژیک فسفری

با استفاده از ماژیک فسفری می توانید کلمات و بخش های مهم را برای خود علامت گذاری نمایید و هنگام پاسخ به آزمون از آنها استفاده کنید. برای از بین بردن بخش های رنگی دوباره روی آن کلیک نمایید.

دفترچه یادداشت

هر تعدادی که دوست دارید دفترچه یادداشت ایجاد کنید و نکات مهم را در آن بنویسید.
برای استفاده از دفترچه یادداشت بر روی قسمتی از درس یا آزمون که می خواهید در آنجا نکته ی مهمی را قرار دهید کلیک نمایید.سپس در آن قسمت یک دفترچه یادداشت جدید ایجاد میشود و با کلیک بر روی آن می توانید بازش کنید و نکته های مهم را بنویسید.