Benjamin Franklin

There are 7 sentences which are the summery of each paragraph. match the summeries and the paragraphs.

A Talks about the useful information presented in one of his books  5

B He used a pen name not to be known

C Talks about  the various topics of his writings.

D His fame as an author 

E Talks what he did for his country 

F He introduces himself differently to the readers 

G  Strategies he employed to learn something 

 

Question No. /

Benjamin Franklin was many things: a printer, writer, scientist, inventor, statesman, and civic leader. He was the oldest figure of the American Revolution and was the only person to sign the three documents that established the United States: the Declaration of Independence, the peace treaty with Britain that ended the Revolutionary War, and the Constitution.

As a writer, he is known for Poor Richard’s Almanac and his autobiography. Franklin loved to read. When he was young, he borrowed books from anyone who would lend them to him. He read about all kinds of subjects.

He also wanted to write, but he didn’t know how. He only had two years of school, so he taught himself to write. He found stories that he liked and rewrote them. Some he rewrote from memory. Other stories he turned into poetry. Sometimes he took notes on a story, then mixed up his notes and tried to put the events back in the correct order.

His writing practice and efforts were worth it. When he was 16 years old, he submitted 14 letters to his brother’s newspaper, the New England Courant, and his brother published them. Franklin used the name Silence Dogood to write the letters. Franklin often used pseudonyms, which are fictitious names used in writing. Franklin made up a whole character that went by the name Silence Dogood and wrote letters as though he were a she.

Franklin’s most famous pseudonym was Richard Saunders, also known as Poor Richard of Poor Richard’s Almanac. This reference book for everyday life was filled with information like calendars and weather forecasts. Before the Internet, TV and radio, many people would buy an almanac every year so they could look up things like holidays and the moon cycles.

The “author,” Richard Saunders, wrote his first almanac in 1732. Poor Richard presented himself as a slightly dull, but often funny, country fellow who believed in hard work and simple living. Many of Franklin’s most famous quotes are from Poor Richard’s Almanac. They include: “haste makes waste” and “early to bed and early to rise, makes a man healthy, wealthy, and wise.”

Poor Richard’s Almanac was an immediate success. Franklin published one each year for the next 26 years and sold almost 10,000 copies every year. Franklin wrote many other things too. He wrote articles for his own newspaper, the Pennsylvania Gazette, letters about his life (later published as his autobiography), and other letters on a wide range of subjects.

Word Meaning Example

civic (adjective)

relating to a town or city

Jackson spent the day meeting with local religious and civic leaders.

figure (noun)

someone who is important or famous in some way

Several leading figures resigned from the party.

constitution (noun)

a set of basic laws and principles that a country ororganization is governed by

The right to speak freely is written into the Constitution of the United States.

turn(somebody/something)into something

to become somethingdifferent

The sofa turns into a bed.A few weeks later, winter had turned into spring.

submit (verb)

to give a plan, piece of writing etc to someone in authority for them to consider or approve

All applications must be submitted by Monday.

pseudonym (noun)

aninventedname that a writer,artistetc uses instead of their real name

He wrote under the pseudonym ‘Silchester’.

fictitious(adjective)

not true, or not real

a fictitious address

almanac (noun)

a book produced each year containing information about a particular subject, especially a sport, or important dates,times etc

a football almanaca nautical almanac

fellow students/countrymen

people that you work with, study with, or who are in the same situation as you

I devoted myself to my fello countryman.

 

برای دسترسی به دروس بیشتر به لینک زیر مراجعه کنید.

گرامر صفر تا صد زبان انگلیسی

لسنینگ از مبتدی تا پیشرفته

لغات زبان انگلیسی به تفکیک موضوع

درک مطلب از سطح مبتدی تا پیشرفته

تمامی موضوعات آیلتس اسپیکینگ پارت یک، دو و سه همراه با جواب

 

نظرات کاربران

ماژیک فسفری

با استفاده از ماژیک فسفری می توانید کلمات و بخش های مهم را برای خود علامت گذاری نمایید و هنگام پاسخ به آزمون از آنها استفاده کنید. برای از بین بردن بخش های رنگی دوباره روی آن کلیک نمایید.

دفترچه یادداشت

هر تعدادی که دوست دارید دفترچه یادداشت ایجاد کنید و نکات مهم را در آن بنویسید.
برای استفاده از دفترچه یادداشت بر روی قسمتی از درس یا آزمون که می خواهید در آنجا نکته ی مهمی را قرار دهید کلیک نمایید.سپس در آن قسمت یک دفترچه یادداشت جدید ایجاد میشود و با کلیک بر روی آن می توانید بازش کنید و نکته های مهم را بنویسید.