A Powerful Presence in Your Home

There are 6 sentences which are the summery of each paragraph. match the summeries and the paragraphs. One is extra.

 

A  Talks about inappropriate programs shown on TV

B  Discusses the advantages of TV for different age group

C  Talks about the number of TV lovers increase as children grow up

D  The problems that TV-lover student face at school

E  When is a good time to let children watch TV

F  Considered TV as something undesirable but welcomed to almost every houses

G  Blames TV for making its fan inactive

Question No. /

There may be an unwanted guest in your home. This someone, or something, is influencing you and others living with you, especially children. Most Americans, 99% to be exact, have willingly invited this guest into their living rooms. Some have even welcomed it into their bedrooms! Have you guessed what this invited, but oftentimes undesirable guest is? It’s your television.

At least one TV can be found in nearly every home in the U.S. Most homes have two or three TV sets. According to recent research: 65% of children ages 8 – 18 have a TV in their bedroom, 43% of 4 – 6 year olds have a TV in their bedroom, and 30% of infants ages birth – 2 have a TV in their bedroom. This last statistic is especially alarming because the American Academy of Pediatricians recommends no TV viewing for children under 2 years of age.

TV has a profound effect on the children and youth of every countries. It is a powerful teacher of many things. When used in moderation, some good things can be learned from watching TV. Preschool children can get help learning numbers and letters. Grade-school children and teens can learn about nature, wildlife, and history. Adults can stay current with the events of the day by watching the nightly news.

Too much TV, however, can have very negative effects. Research shows that TV contributes to sleep problems, health problems, behavior problems, and struggles in reading and academics. TV viewing, especially when done at night, reduces the quality and quantity of a child’s sleep. Children ages 3 and\ under who watch TV are at a higher risk of having both irregular nap and bedtime schedules.

The number of overweight and obese children is growing at an alarming rate. The sedentary nature of TV (and other screen) viewing is partly to blame. We now know that children who consistently spend more than four hours a day watching TV are more likely to be overweight.

A recent study by the National Institute on Media and the Family links children’s viewing of violent programming with aggressive, violent behavior towards other children. Research compiled by the Public Broadcasting Service shows that by the age of 18, the average U.S. child’s TV viewing has included 16,000 murders, not to mention the over 200,000 other acts of violence they view. Too much TV harms the reading and academic skills of children and youth. Researchers have found that our youngest learners, ages five and under, who watch small amounts of TV score better in reading and math tests than those that watch a lot of TV. This also holds true as children age. Research tells us that children who watch a lot of TV are much less likely to earn a college degree by their mid-20s. In fact, the more children watch TV, the more likely they are to leave school before earning a degree.

 

Word Meaning Example

influence (verb)

to affect the way someone or something develops, behaves, thinks etc without directly forcing or ordering them

Marx was strongly influenced by the historian Niebuhr.

profound (adjective)

having a strong influence or effect

Tolstoy’s experiences of war had a profound effect on his work.

moderation (noun)

if you do something in moderation, such as drinking or eating certain foods, you do not do it too much

Some people think drinking in moderation can prevent heart disease.

contribute (verb)

to give money, help, ideas etc to something that a lot of other people are also involved in

City employees cannot contribute to political campaigns.

sedentary (adjective)

spending a lot of time sitting down, and not moving or exercising very much

health problems caused by our sedentary lifestyles.

blame (verb)

to say or think that someone or something is responsible for something bad

Don’t blame me – it’s not my fault

consistent (adjective)

always behaving in the same way or having the same attitudes, standards etc – usually used to show approval

She’s the team’s most consistent player.

Likely (adjective)

something that is likely will probably happen or is probably true

Snow showers are likely tomorrow.

compile (verb)

to make a book, list, record etc, using different pieces of information, music etc

The document was compiled by the Department of Health.

 

برای دسترسی به دروس بیشتر به لینک زیر مراجعه کنید.

گرامر صفر تا صد زبان انگلیسی

لسنینگ از مبتدی تا پیشرفته

لغات زبان انگلیسی به تفکیک موضوع

درک مطلب از سطح مبتدی تا پیشرفته

تمامی موضوعات آیلتس اسپیکینگ پارت یک، دو و سه همراه با جواب

 

لغت ها /9 لغت جدید
influence

Marx was strongly influenced by the historian Niebuhr.

to affect the way someone or something develops, behaves, thinks etc without directly forcing or ordering them
profound

Tolstoy’s experiences of war had a profound effect on his work.

having a strong influence or effect
moderation

Some people think drinking in moderation can prevent heart disease.

if you do something in moderation, such as drinking or eating certain foods, you do not do it too much
contribute

City employees cannot contribute to political campaigns.

to give money, help, ideas etc to something that a lot of other people are also involved in
sedentary

health problems caused by our sedentary lifestyles.

spending a lot of time sitting down, and not moving or exercising very much
blame

Don’t blame me – it’s not my fault

to say or think that someone or something is responsible for something bad
consistent

She’s the team’s most consistent player.

مداوم
Likely

Snow showers are likely tomorrow.

something that is likely will probably happen or is probably true
compile

The document was compiled by the Department of Health.

to make a book, list, record etc, using different pieces of information, music etc
نظرات کاربران

ماژیک فسفری

با استفاده از ماژیک فسفری می توانید کلمات و بخش های مهم را برای خود علامت گذاری نمایید و هنگام پاسخ به آزمون از آنها استفاده کنید. برای از بین بردن بخش های رنگی دوباره روی آن کلیک نمایید.

دفترچه یادداشت

هر تعدادی که دوست دارید دفترچه یادداشت ایجاد کنید و نکات مهم را در آن بنویسید.
برای استفاده از دفترچه یادداشت بر روی قسمتی از درس یا آزمون که می خواهید در آنجا نکته ی مهمی را قرار دهید کلیک نمایید.سپس در آن قسمت یک دفترچه یادداشت جدید ایجاد میشود و با کلیک بر روی آن می توانید بازش کنید و نکته های مهم را بنویسید.