Golden Gate Bridge

There are 9 sentences which are the summery of each paragraph. match the summeries and the paragraphs.


A  Within an approximate span of 27 years the bridge stood the first in terms of length

B  A good approach to tackle hazardous job condition

C  The relation between a channel and the Bridge

D  The bridge could withstand half a century and people were cheered

E  The beautiful scenery presented by the bridge

F  Speeding would be fined double

G  The harmony of the bridge with the surroundings

H  The victims of the bridge

The appreciation of the workers despite the job difficulty

Question No. /

What sights do you think of when you picture the city of San Francisco, California? Do you think about the massive and lovely 4,200 foot orange painted steel suspension bridge known as the Golden Gate Bridge? This site attracts over nine million visitors each year.

The famous bridge was completed and opened to pedestrian traffic on May 27, 1937. The next day, with a push of a telegraph button in the White House, President Franklin Roosevelt opened the bridge to cars, too. Until 1964, it was the longest suspension bridge in the world. Today, the Akashi-Kaikyo Bridge in Japan boasts the longest span at over 6,500 feet.

How did the bridge get its name? The area known as the Golden Gate is the channel formed where the mouth of the San Francisco Bay meets the Pacific Ocean. People used the name Golden Gate as early as 1846, even before the gold rush and long before the bridge.

Construction of the bridge began in 1932, during the Great Depression, when jobs were scarce. The men working on the four and half year Golden Gate Bridge project were greatly envied. Even though the work was dangerous, the bridge workers were grateful to have employment.

Chief Engineer, Joseph Strauss, designed something to combat the dangerous working conditions on the bridge. He introduced the hard hat and a safety net that stretched end to end under the bridge. Nineteen workers fell. Saved by that net, they called themselves the Half Way to Hell Club.

Unfortunately, on February 17, 1937, the net did not hold. Up until that date, there had been only one fatality during the construction of the Bridge. On that sad February day, ten men lost their lives when a section of scaffold carrying twelve men fell through the safety net.

Painting the Bridge is an ongoing task and the primary maintenance job. The paint protects the Bridge from the high salt content air that rusts and corrodes steel components.The Bridge has always been painted orange vermilion, deemed “International Orange.” Morrow, the main architect, chose the color because it blends well with the span’s natural setting.

In May 1987, the bridge celebrated its 50th anniversary. Some 300,000 people reenacted “Pedestrian Day ’37” with an event dubbed “Bridge-walk ’87.” Two years later, the gracefully suspended bridge withstood a 7.1 magnitude earthquake without incident.

Today, more the 41 million vehicles cross the Golden Gate Bridge annually. Drivers must pay a $5.00 cash toll to cross the Bridge. While driving on it, make sure not to speed. The speed limit on the Bridge is 45 miles per hour, and it’s a double-fine zone.


Word Meaning Example


very large, solid, and heavy

The bell is massive, weighing over 40 tons.

boast (verb)

if a place,object, or organization boasts something, it has something that is very good

The city boasts two excellent museums.


to wish that you had someone else’s possessions, abilities

etcI really envy you and Ian, you seem so happy together.

combat (noun)

fighting, especially during awar

Corporal Gierson was killed in combat.

fatality (noun)

a death in an accident or a violent attack

a 50% increase in the number of traffic fatalities.

scaffold (noun)

a structure built next to a wall, for workers to stand on while they build, repair, or paint a building



the reddish-brown substance that forms on iron or steel when it gets wet

There were large patches of rust on the car.

corrode (verb)

if metal corrodes, or if something corrodes it, it is slowly destroyed by the effect of water

Acidic water will corrode the pipes. Acidic water will corrode the pipes.

graceful (adjective)

moving in a smooth and attractive way, or having an attractive shape or form

Her movements were graceful and elegant.

magnitude (noun)

the force of an earthquake



برای دسترسی به دروس بیشتر به لینک زیر مراجعه کنید.

گرامر صفر تا صد زبان انگلیسی

لسنینگ از مبتدی تا پیشرفته

لغات زبان انگلیسی به تفکیک موضوع

درک مطلب از سطح مبتدی تا پیشرفته

تمامی موضوعات آیلتس اسپیکینگ پارت یک، دو و سه همراه با جواب


نظرات کاربران

ماژیک فسفری

با استفاده از ماژیک فسفری می توانید کلمات و بخش های مهم را برای خود علامت گذاری نمایید و هنگام پاسخ به آزمون از آنها استفاده کنید. برای از بین بردن بخش های رنگی دوباره روی آن کلیک نمایید.

دفترچه یادداشت

هر تعدادی که دوست دارید دفترچه یادداشت ایجاد کنید و نکات مهم را در آن بنویسید.
برای استفاده از دفترچه یادداشت بر روی قسمتی از درس یا آزمون که می خواهید در آنجا نکته ی مهمی را قرار دهید کلیک نمایید.سپس در آن قسمت یک دفترچه یادداشت جدید ایجاد میشود و با کلیک بر روی آن می توانید بازش کنید و نکته های مهم را بنویسید.