Flash Flooding

Flash Flooding
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reading-min (58)

There are sentences which were extracted from the text. Find the correct sentence to make a meaningful paragraph. Write A, B, C ,….. in the gap. There is an extra sentence.

A  whereas flash flooding occurs within six hours of the rain event.

B  when it is harder to recognize flood dangers

C The road bed may be washed out under the water 

D  Floods generally claim about 140 lives each year

E  Most flash flooding is caused by slow-moving thunderstorms

F  You need to get to higher ground



Flash Flooding

Question No. /

According to the National Severe Storms Laboratory, “flooding accounts for or is involved with three quarters of Federal Disaster declarations. , making them the most deadly kind of weather in the U.S. They are also responsible for more damage to property each year than any other type of weather hazard.”

Most flood deaths are due to flash floods. The difference between flooding and flash flooding is that flooding is a long term event lasting a week or more,

Several factors contribute to flash flooding. The two main factors are the rate of rainfall and how long the rain lasts. Other factors are topography, soil conditions, and ground cover. Flash floods occur within a few minutes or hours of: heavy rainfall, a dam or levee failure, or a sudden release of water by an ice jam. , more than one thunderstorm moving over the same area, or heavy rains from hurricanes and tropical storms.

When you receive a Flood Warning:

If advised to evacuate, do so immediately – before access is cut off by flood water. It is a good idea to make a plan on where to go with several options such as: a friend’s home, a motel in another town, or a shelter. .

Don’t drive over a flooded road! Turn around and go another way! The depth of the water is not always obvious. . Nearly half of all flash flood deaths are auto related.

If your vehicle stalls, leave it and seek higher ground.

Don‘t allow children to play near high water, storm drains, or viaducts.

Don’t camp or park your vehicle along streams, especially during threatening

Be very careful at night .

Don’t go in a flooded basement! You may get electrocuted if the water has reached the electrical outlets.

Flooding can occur nationwide. Be prepared and stay informed about the weather by listening to a television or radio.


Word Meaning Example

hazard (noun)

something that may bedangerous, or causeaccidentsor problems

Polluted water sources are a hazard to wildlife.

contribute (verb)

to give money, help, ideas etc to something that a lot of other people are also involved in

employees cannot contribute to political campaigns.


thescienceofdescribingan area of land, or makingmaps of it.



a specialwallbuilt to stop ariverflooding


be cut off (verb)

if a place is cut off, people cannot leave it orreachit

In winter, the town is often cut off by snow.


to know who someone is or what something is, because you have seen, heard,experienced, orlearnedabout them in thepast

I didn’t recognize you in your uniform.



a place on awallwhere you canconnect electricalequipmentto thesupplyofelectricity



برای دسترسی به دروس بیشتر به لینک زیر مراجعه کنید.

گرامر صفر تا صد زبان انگلیسی

لسنینگ از مبتدی تا پیشرفته

لغات زبان انگلیسی به تفکیک موضوع

درک مطلب از سطح مبتدی تا پیشرفته

تمامی موضوعات آیلتس اسپیکینگ پارت یک، دو و سه همراه با جواب


آغاز دوره های آنلاین آموزش زبان توسط استاد خصوصی

اینجا کلیک کنید

ماژیک فسفری

با استفاده از ماژیک فسفری می توانید کلمات و بخش های مهم را برای خود علامت گذاری نمایید و هنگام پاسخ به آزمون از آنها استفاده کنید. برای از بین بردن بخش های رنگی دوباره روی آن کلیک نمایید.

دفترچه یادداشت

هر تعدادی که دوست دارید دفترچه یادداشت ایجاد کنید و نکات مهم را در آن بنویسید.
برای استفاده از دفترچه یادداشت بر روی قسمتی از درس یا آزمون که می خواهید در آنجا نکته ی مهمی را قرار دهید کلیک نمایید.سپس در آن قسمت یک دفترچه یادداشت جدید ایجاد میشود و با کلیک بر روی آن می توانید بازش کنید و نکته های مهم را بنویسید.