UNIT 22

Traffic

 

.اگر نیاز به مطالعه ی بیشتر دارید به قسمت های زیر مراجعه کنید

:گرامر

گرامر درباره ی تفاوت حال کامل با گذشته ساده 

گرامر درباره ی برنامه ریزی برای آینده با (Be going to) 

گرامر درباره ی برای پیش بینی(Will, won’t) 

گرامر درباره ی باید و نبایدها و صحبت درباره ی قوانین 

:لغت

کلمات مربوط به سیستم حمل و نقل 

کلمات مربوط به ماشین اتومبیل

کلمات مربوط به حوادث بد در مسافرت

 

Getting ready

Match the pictures with the descriptions. Write the correct letter next to each description. Compare your answers with a partner.

Screenshot (80)

Question No. /

Write a, b, c or d in the gap.

1. Road repair

2. Two cars in a collision

3. Traffic congestion on a freeway _A_

4. Traffic moving smoothly on a freeway

Listening 1

People are making announcements about traffic conditions. Listen and number the pictures.

1.
Because of the holiday weekend, traffic on northbound Route 101 is very congested.
So keep away from 101 North until further notice.
2.
Traffic is moving smoothly today on the Kennedy Bridge.
Traffic is unusually light. There are very few cars on the bridge at this time.
3.
The New Harbor Bridge is very busy today.
Traffic is moving very slowly across the bridge. It's bumper to bumper, so avoid the bridge if you can.
4.
There has been a traffic accident on Watergate Drive.
An ambulance has arrived, but keep away from Watergate Drive. There is a lot of traffic backed up.
5.
Highway 25 is closed for repairs today, so better stay away from there.
No traffic will be allowed on Highway 25 all day.
6.
Don't forget-it's the annual bicycle race today.
Right now there are hundreds of cyclists on the road. Pine Street and all the streets from Pine through Oak are closed until 2:00 p.m.

Screenshot (81)

Question No. /

Write 1, 2, 3, ... in the gap.

AB

CD

EF

Listening 2

Task 1
These people have to go somewhere. How will each person get there? Listen and circle the correct answer.

Screenshot (82)

1.
A: Are you going to take the bus downtown, or are you going to take your bike?

B: I think there's too much traffic on the road today to go by bike.
It's not safe to ride in traffic.
A: I guess there's so much traffic because of the big football game.
Well, look, I'm driving downtown. Can I give you a ride?
B: Hey, thanks.

A: So do you use your bike very often?

B: Not during the week, but I ride it pretty often on the weekend.

2.
A: How are you going to get downtown?
Are you going to drive?
B: I don't think so. I just heard the traffic report on the radio.
It seems there is a traffic jam on the freeway. They said a couple of buses have broken down.
A: I guess it will be quicker to take the subway.

B: Absolutely!

3.
A: Gosh. I wonder how much longer we'll have to wait for a bus.
We've waited half an hour already! Do you think we should go back and get the car?
B: Oh, no. I hate driving at night.

A: Let's take a taxi.
I don't want to be late for the movie.
B: Good idea. I'll call for one on my cell phone.
They usually come pretty quickly.
4.
A: How are you going to get home from the restaurant on Sunday, Harry?

B: Oh, I can just take a bus or a taxi.
There are usually plenty of taxis around that area at night.
A: Yes, but not on a Sunday night.
You might wait for a long time. Why don't you ask Kevin to drive you home? He's having dinner with us and he lives near you.
B: That's right. I'll ask him.

5.
A: What's the traffic like downtown today?

B: It's pretty bad.
One of the traffic lights is broken, so all the traffic is backing up.
A: Oh. How should I get to my doctor's appointment?
Drive? Take a taxi?
B: A taxi won't be any faster than driving.

A: Well then, I'll probably take the subway to the station and then walk from there.

B: Yeah, today I think that's the fastest way.

6.
A: How do you plan to get to your friend' house?
Do you need a ride?
B: How's the weather?

A: It's really nice out.

B: Oh, thanks anyway, but I'll ride my bike.
I was going to take the bus, but I need to get some exercise.
A: All right. But be careful of the traffic.

1.

a. by bus

b. by car (correct)

c. by bicycle

Question No. /

2.

Question No. /

3.

Question No. /

4.

Question No. /

5.

Question No. /

6.

Task 2
Listen again. Are these statements true or false? Check the correct answer.

1.
A: Are you going to take the bus downtown, or are you going to take your bike?

B: I think there's too much traffic on the road today to go by bike.
It's not safe to ride in traffic.
A: I guess there's so much traffic because of the big football game.
Well, look, I'm driving downtown. Can I give you a ride?
B: Hey, thanks.

A: So do you use your bike very often?

B: Not during the week, but I ride it pretty often on the weekend.

2.
A: How are you going to get downtown?
Are you going to drive?
B: I don't think so. I just heard the traffic report on the radio.
It seems there is a traffic jam on the freeway. They said a couple of buses have broken down.
A: I guess it will be quicker to take the subway.

B: Absolutely!

3.
A: Gosh. I wonder how much longer we'll have to wait for a bus.
We've waited half an hour already! Do you think we should go back and get the car?
B: Oh, no. I hate driving at night.

A: Let's take a taxi.
I don't want to be late for the movie.
B: Good idea. I'll call for one on my cell phone.
They usually come pretty quickly.
4.
A: How are you going to get home from the restaurant on Sunday, Harry?

B: Oh, I can just take a bus or a taxi.
There are usually plenty of taxis around that area at night.
A: Yes, but not on a Sunday night.
You might wait for a long time. Why don't you ask Kevin to drive you home? He's having dinner with us and he lives near you.
B: That's right. I'll ask him.

5.
A: What's the traffic like downtown today?

B: It's pretty bad.
One of the traffic lights is broken, so all the traffic is backing up.
A: Oh. How should I get to my doctor's appointment?
Drive? Take a taxi?
B: A taxi won't be any faster than driving.

A: Well then, I'll probably take the subway to the station and then walk from there.

B: Yeah, today I think that's the fastest way.

6.
A: How do you plan to get to your friend' house?
Do you need a ride?
B: How's the weather?

A: It's really nice out.

B: Oh, thanks anyway, but I'll ride my bike.
I was going to take the bus, but I need to get some exercise.
A: All right. But be careful of the traffic.

Question No. /

Write True or False in the gap. You can also write T or F.

1. There is a big baseball game today.

2. There is a traffic jam on the freeway.

3. Taxis usually don't come very quickly.

4. Kevin lives close to Harry.

5. The traffic is backing up because a traffic light is broken.

6. The weather is not so good.

Listening 3

Task 1
People are describing solutions to traffic problems in their cities. What did each city do? Listen and circle the correct answer.

Screenshot (83)

1.
In my town, public transportation was never very good.
You had to drive everywhere, so there was always traffic. The government wanted to make public transportation easier than driving cars. They bought some nice new buses. for example, and they added air conditioning to the ones we already had. They also began offering lower bus fares on the weekends, so more people would be encouraged to try the new buses. They raised taxi fares, too.
I guess they figure that if taxis cost more,
people might think about using buses more often.
2.
Well, the problem was that thousands of people drove into the city center every day,
and there weren't enough parking spaces. So the government wanted to make parking easier. But they didn't build more parking garages. Instead, they tried to keep cars out of the city center. Recently, they started making people who drive their cars downtown pay a daily fee. You have to pay S10 if you want to drive your car into the center between 8 a.m. and 6 p.m. At the same time, they have raised the parking lot rates, so people think twice before they drive their car into the city.
3.
Traffic was a real problem around here.
It moved so slowly. Last year the government turned a bunch of streets downtown into one-way streets. This helped the traffic move more quickly. Special lanes on roads just for buses were built at the same time. If you're caught driving your car in a bus lane, you have to pay a fine-and it's a really high fine! Also, they passed a law last year that says you can only drive your car downtown three days a week. You have to display a special pass in your car that says which days you're allowed to drive downtown.
4.
Air pollution in our city was a huge problem, and we really needed to lower it.
I guess that's why the government started putting special bicycle lanes on the streets downtown. That way, people can ride their bikes to work instead of using their stinky cars! They also made a rule that says there must be at least two people in your car if you want to drive downtown during the week. They also ordered these amazing new pollution-free buses. They use electricity, so they don't put anything bad into the air.

1.

a. They improved the quality of buses.(correct)

b. They raised bus fares on weekends.

c. They lowered taxi fares.

Question No. /

2.

Question No. /

3.

Question No. /

4.

Task 2
listen again. What problem did each city have? Write the correct letter.

1.
In my town, public transportation was never very good.
You had to drive everywhere, so there was always traffic. The government wanted to make public transportation easier than driving cars. They bought some nice new buses. for example, and they added air conditioning to the ones we already had. They also began offering lower bus fares on the weekends, so more people would be encouraged to try the new buses. They raised taxi fares, too.
I guess they figure that if taxis cost more,
people might think about using buses more often.
2.
Well, the problem was that thousands of people drove into the city center every day,
and there weren't enough parking spaces. So the government wanted to make parking easier. But they didn't build more parking garages. Instead, they tried to keep cars out of the city center. Recently, they started making people who drive their cars downtown pay a daily fee. You have to pay S10 if you want to drive your car into the center between 8 a.m. and 6 p.m. At the same time, they have raised the parking lot rates, so people think twice before they drive their car into the city.
3.
Traffic was a real problem around here.
It moved so slowly. Last year the government turned a bunch of streets downtown into one-way streets. This helped the traffic move more quickly. Special lanes on roads just for buses were built at the same time. If you're caught driving your car in a bus lane, you have to pay a fine-and it's a really high fine! Also, they passed a law last year that says you can only drive your car downtown three days a week. You have to display a special pass in your car that says which days you're allowed to drive downtown.
4.
Air pollution in our city was a huge problem, and we really needed to lower it.
I guess that's why the government started putting special bicycle lanes on the streets downtown. That way, people can ride their bikes to work instead of using their stinky cars! They also made a rule that says there must be at least two people in your car if you want to drive downtown during the week. They also ordered these amazing new pollution-free buses. They use electricity, so they don't put anything bad into the air.

Question No. /

Match the sentences with the speakers.

2 3 1 4
The public transportation wasn't very good.
The air pollution in the city needed to be lowered.
There weren't enough parking spaces.
The traffic moved too slowly.

لغت ها /21 لغت جدید
congested
پرشده، قفل شده
Traffic is moving smoothly
ترافیک روان است
traffic light
چراغ راهنمایی و رانندگی
bumper to bumper
سپر به سپر
Avoid
You are old, you should Avoid salty food
اجتناب کردن
.شما پیر هستید، شما باید از غذای شور اجتناب کنید
keep away
دور نگه داشتن
backed up
ترافیک سنگین
annual
I went to the doctor for my annual overhaul.
سالیانه
برای معاینه سالیانه نزد دکتر رفتم.
race
He won third place in the race.
مسابقه
.او در مسابقه نفر سوم شد
Traffic jam
ترافیک
broken down
خراب شدن
traffic lights
چراغ راهنمایی
public transportation
حمل و نقل عمومی
Fare
کرایه ماشین
encourage
I encourage you to take advantage of this opportunity.
تشویق کردن
.من شما را تشویق میکنم تا از این فرصت استفاده کنید
daily fee
هزینه روزانه
a bunch of
یه دسته
lane
خط
fine
جریمه
stinky
بد بو
pollution-free buses
اتوبوس هایی که آلودگی ندارن
نظرات کاربران

ماژیک فسفری

با استفاده از ماژیک فسفری می توانید کلمات و بخش های مهم را برای خود علامت گذاری نمایید و هنگام پاسخ به آزمون از آنها استفاده کنید. برای از بین بردن بخش های رنگی دوباره روی آن کلیک نمایید.

دفترچه یادداشت

هر تعدادی که دوست دارید دفترچه یادداشت ایجاد کنید و نکات مهم را در آن بنویسید.
برای استفاده از دفترچه یادداشت بر روی قسمتی از درس یا آزمون که می خواهید در آنجا نکته ی مهمی را قرار دهید کلیک نمایید.سپس در آن قسمت یک دفترچه یادداشت جدید ایجاد میشود و با کلیک بر روی آن می توانید بازش کنید و نکته های مهم را بنویسید.