The future

A

Predictions and expectations in future

Will+ infinitive without to can be used to make predictions or talk about expectations for the future. These can be introduced by verbs such as believe, expect, hope and think.

Adverbs such as definiteiy, (almost) certainly and probably may also be used; they come after will and before won't.

United will probably win the league again this year:

'Where’s Anne?' 'I expect she'll be here soon.'

Size definitely won't pass her exams; she's too lazy.

Alternatives to will

1 The following structures can be used to talk about the probability of something happening in the future.

be (un)likely + infinitive with to

may/might/could well + infinitive without to

There may/could/might well be a cure for cancer in the future. (= there will probably be)

They've got a map with them so they're unlikely (not likely) to get lost. (= they probably won't get losl)

NB

may well is not usual in the negative.

2 May/might/could + infinitive without to can be used to talk about the possibility of something happening in the future.

We may/might/could see fewer cars in the future.

We may not/might not have time to see the exhibition.

NB could not expresses impossibility.

B Other future forms

1 In addition to making predictions about the future, will is also used to talk about:

a decisions made at the moment of speaking, including offers and requests.

We'll babysit for you if you want to go out.

The phone's ringing. Will you answer it?

b future facts; events which the speaker knows or believes are certain to happen.

Summer will be here soon.

2 going to + infinitive is used to talk about: a predictions based on present evidence.

Look at those clouds - it's going to rain soon.

b

How to talk about intentions or plans

I'll going to stay in tonight and read my book.

Modal verbs can be used to express possible intentions.

I may/might go walking in the mountains tomorrow.

3 The present continuous is used to talk about future arrangements which have already been made.

Sue and Alan are getting married on June 21st.

4 The present simple is used:

a to talk about timetabled or scheduled events.

The film starts at 9.15, just after the news.

b to refer to the future after time linkers such as when, before, after. until, by the time, as soon as.

Give me a call as soon as you arrive.

5

The future continuous, will+ be + -ing,

is used to talk about actions or events which will be in progress at a certain time in the future.

This time next week I'll be lying on the beach.

6

The future perfect simple, will + have + past participle

is used to talk about actions and events that will be completed by a certain time in the future.

By the end of today we'll have driven over 250 kms.

7

The future perfect continuous, will + have + been + -ing

is used to talk about actions and events which continue to a certain time in the future.

On 21 May I'll have been living here for exactly 10 years.

8

Be about to + infinitive/be on the point of+ gerund

can be used to talk about the immediate future.

Can I phone you back? I'm just about to have lunch.

The police say they are on the point of solving the crime.

 

برای دسترسی به دروس بیشتر به لینک زیر مراجعه کنید.

گرامر صفر تا صد زبان انگلیسی

لسنینگ از مبتدی تا پیشرفته

لغات زبان انگلیسی به تفکیک موضوع

درک مطلب از سطح مبتدی تا پیشرفته

تمامی موضوعات آیلتس اسپیکینگ پارت یک، دو و سه همراه با جواب

 

سوالات
Question No. 1/1

Complete the gaps with correct form of the verb. Use will, be going to, simple present, present continuous, present perfect, future continuous, future perfect and future perfect continuous.

1 The train (to arrive) at 12:30.

2 We (to have) dinner at a seaside restaurant on Sunday.

3 It (to snow) in Brighton tomorrow evening.

4 On Friday at 8 o’clock I (to meet) my friend.

5 Paul (to fly) to London on Monday morning.

6 Wait! I (to drive) you to the station.

7 The English lesson (to start) at 8:45.

8 Are you still writing your essay? If you (to finish) by 4pm, we can go for a walk.

9 I (to see) my mother in April.

10 Look at the clouds – it (to rain) in a few minutes.

11 When they (to get) married in March, they (to be) together for six years.

12 You’re carrying too much. I (to open) the door for you.

13 Do you think the teacher (to mark) our homework by Monday morning?

14 When I (to see) you tomorrow, I (show) you my new book.

15 After you (to take) a nap, you (to feel) a lot better

16 I’m sorry but you need to stay in the office until you (to finish) your work.

17 I (to buy) the cigarettes from the corner shop when it (to open) .

18 I (to let) you know the second the builders (to finish) decorating.

19 Before we (to start) our lesson, we (to have) a review.

20 We (to wait) in the shelter until the bus (to come) .

21 Now I (to check) my answers.

22 This summer, I (to live) in Brighton for four years.

23 I don’t think you (to have) any problems when you land in Boston.

24 The baby should be due soon, next week she (to be) pregnant for nine months.

25 By the time we get home, they (to play) football for 30 minutes.

26 In three years I (to live) in a different country.

27 When you (to get) off the train, I (to wait) for you by the ticket machine.

28(to take) your children with you to France?

29 This time next week I (ski) in Switzerland!

نظرات کاربران

ماژیک فسفری

با استفاده از ماژیک فسفری می توانید کلمات و بخش های مهم را برای خود علامت گذاری نمایید و هنگام پاسخ به آزمون از آنها استفاده کنید. برای از بین بردن بخش های رنگی دوباره روی آن کلیک نمایید.

دفترچه یادداشت

هر تعدادی که دوست دارید دفترچه یادداشت ایجاد کنید و نکات مهم را در آن بنویسید.
برای استفاده از دفترچه یادداشت بر روی قسمتی از درس یا آزمون که می خواهید در آنجا نکته ی مهمی را قرار دهید کلیک نمایید.سپس در آن قسمت یک دفترچه یادداشت جدید ایجاد میشود و با کلیک بر روی آن می توانید بازش کنید و نکته های مهم را بنویسید.