Gloomy Days

Put the words in the right gap

Question No. /

1 too 2 type 3 about 4 sunlight 5 clocks 6 loss 7 partly

As summer turns to fall and fall turns to winter, things change. The summer colors fade. The temperature drops. Days get shorter and darkness is more plentiful. These changes can affect people, . Some feel more sluggish. Others find it difficult to focus on their work. This seasonal change in mood and behavior is known as seasonal affective disorder (SAD). This mood disorder is a of depression that is related to seasonal variations of light. Symptoms of SAD include: depression, fatigue or of energy, overeating, anxiety, and difficulty concentrating or processing information.

Researchers say that 25% of people who live in northern states have the “winter blues.” This milder form of SAD can make a person feel less cheerful, creative, and energetic during the dark days of winter. As the seasons change, there is a shift in our “biological clocks,” in response to the changes in sunlight patterns. Our inner can fall out of step with our daily schedules. People with SAD have a difficult time adjusting to the shortage of in the winter months.

1 risk 2 in 3 cause 4 dark 5 Stay 6 around 7 of

Melatonin is a sleep related hormone that has been linked to SAD. This hormone is believed to symptoms of depression and is produced at increased levels in the . So, when the days are shorter and darker, the production of this hormone increases. Young people and women are at the highest for SAD, but it can affect anyone. The main age of onset is between 18 and 30. It usually decreases the age of 50.

How can people cope with the winter blues? Changing the environment can help. Remove the drapes and let the natural light shine ! Paint the walls a brighter color. Install brighter light bulbs. Taking care of yourself can help, too. warm and healthy. Wrap-up in a cozy blanket and enjoy a warm cup cocoa. Eat good foods and get daily exercise! These coping tools will keep your mood up when the dark days try to pull it down.

 

R Word Meaning Example

1

fade

to gradually disappear

-Hopes of a peace settlement are beginning to fade.

-Over the years her beauty had faded a little

2

plentiful

more than enough in quantity

-a plentiful supply of food

— plentifully adverb

3

sluggish

moving or reacting more slowly than normal

-Alex woke late, feeling tired and sluggish.

-Economic recovery has so far been sluggish.

 

4

seasonal

happening, expected, or needed during a particular season

-heavy seasonal rains

seasonal workers/employment etc

-seasonal jobs in the tourist industry

5

variation

a difference between similar things, or a change from the usual amount or form of something

variation of

-White bread is really just a variation of French bread

6

fatigue

very great tiredness SYN exhaustion

with fatigue

-Sam’s face was grey with fatigue

7

anxiety

the feeling of being very worried about something SYN concern

anxiety about/over

-There is considerable anxiety among staff about job losses

8

cheerful

happy, or behaving in a way that shows you are happy

-She’s feeling more cheerful today.

-I’m making a real effort to be cheerful despite everything

9

adjust

to gradually become familiar with a new situation SYN adapt

-They’ll soon settle in – kids are very good at adjusting.

10

cosy

a place that is cosy is small, comfortable, and warm

-The living room was warm and cosy

 

برای دسترسی به دروس بیشتر به لینک زیر مراجعه کنید.

گرامر صفر تا صد زبان انگلیسی

لسنینگ از مبتدی تا پیشرفته

لغات زبان انگلیسی به تفکیک موضوع

درک مطلب از سطح مبتدی تا پیشرفته

تمامی موضوعات آیلتس اسپیکینگ پارت یک، دو و سه همراه با جواب

 

نظرات کاربران

ماژیک فسفری

با استفاده از ماژیک فسفری می توانید کلمات و بخش های مهم را برای خود علامت گذاری نمایید و هنگام پاسخ به آزمون از آنها استفاده کنید. برای از بین بردن بخش های رنگی دوباره روی آن کلیک نمایید.

دفترچه یادداشت

هر تعدادی که دوست دارید دفترچه یادداشت ایجاد کنید و نکات مهم را در آن بنویسید.
برای استفاده از دفترچه یادداشت بر روی قسمتی از درس یا آزمون که می خواهید در آنجا نکته ی مهمی را قرار دهید کلیک نمایید.سپس در آن قسمت یک دفترچه یادداشت جدید ایجاد میشود و با کلیک بر روی آن می توانید بازش کنید و نکته های مهم را بنویسید.