Short story intermediate about birthdays

آموزش مهارت های درک مطلب در سطح متوسط به زبان انگلیسی با موضوع تولد گرفتن
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reading-min (50)

Reading gap text about Date Of Birth

There are some sentences which has been taken out from the text. put the right sentence into the correct gap. Write A,B,C, ... in the gap

A  Others believed that the smoke from them would take their wishes up to heaven

B  Germans and the Greeks were more interested in baking cakes for birthday

C  Don’t forget to sing.

D  Others believe the tradition of the birthday cake started in Germany.

E  They measured time only by using the moon and the seasons.

Question No. /

Celebrating birthdays is a very old custom. Ancient people did not know the exact day of their birth. As humans began to learn more about the earth’s natural sequence of time, calendars were developed. Calendars made it easy for people to keep track of and celebrate important events each year. Birthdays were such events.

Many birthday traditions and symbols have been passed down through the years. Some say birthday cakes began with the Greeks who took cakes to the temple of the moon goddess. These cakes were round to represent the full moon. Geburtstagorten is a sweet, layered German cake that was used for birthdays.

Another symbol closely related to the birthday cake is the custom of putting birthday candles on the cake. The Greeks who took cakes to the moon goddess put candles on the cake to make it look like it was glowing. The Germans, who were known as good candle makers, made small candles for their cakes. Some say that the candles were put on the cakes for religious reasons, that the light was symbolic. . Friends and family enjoy celebrating with the birthday person. The earliest birthday parties were held because people thought that evil spirits would visit them on their birthdays. They liked to have friends and family nearby so that the evil spirits would not bother them.

The birthday party has evolved into a time of food, fun, and gift giving. Friends and families gather for a festive time and bring gifts to the person of honor. If someone cannot visit a friend on his or her birthday, a card is often sent. The tradition of sending birthday cards is a long one. It began in England over one hundred years ago. ! Before the candles are blown out, and before the cake is cut, the century-old favorite needs to be sung. “Happy Birthday to You” is one of the most well-known songs in the world. The six note melody is tradition at most birthdays.


Word Meaning Example


something that is done by people in a particular society because it is traditional → tradition

local/ancient/French etc custom

-The guide offers information on local customs.

it is the custom (for somebody) to do something

-It’s the custom for the bride’s father to pay for the wedding


belonging to a time long ago in history, especially thousands of years ago OPP modern

-the ancient civilizations of Asia



the order that something happens or exists in, or the order it is supposed to happen or exist in

in a ... sequence

-The questions should be asked in a logical sequence


to pay attention to someone or something, so that you know where they are or what is happening to them, or to fail to do this

keep/lose track of somebody/something:

-It’s difficult to keep track of all the new discoveries in genetics



a belief, custom, or way of doing something that has existed for a long time, or these beliefs, customs etc in general

-the traditions of South East Asia

-the tradition that the eldest son inherits the property


to be a sign or mark that means something SYN stand for

-Brown areas represent deserts on the map.


a soft steady light

glow from

-the glow from the dying fire



to annoy someone, especially by interrupting them when they are trying to do something

-Danny, don’t bother Ellen while she’s reading.


1 if an animal or plant evolves, it changes gradually over a long period of time → evolution

evolve from

-Fish evolved from prehistoric sea creatures


something that makes you feel very proud

-Over 100 players competed for the honour of representing the county in the National Finals.

it is an honour to do something

-It is an honor to have you here, sir.


برای دسترسی به دروس بیشتر به لینک زیر مراجعه کنید.

گرامر صفر تا صد زبان انگلیسی

لسنینگ از مبتدی تا پیشرفته

لغات زبان انگلیسی به تفکیک موضوع

درک مطلب از سطح مبتدی تا پیشرفته

تمامی موضوعات آیلتس اسپیکینگ پارت یک، دو و سه همراه با جواب


آغاز دوره های آنلاین آموزش زبان توسط استاد خصوصی

اینجا کلیک کنید

ماژیک فسفری

با استفاده از ماژیک فسفری می توانید کلمات و بخش های مهم را برای خود علامت گذاری نمایید و هنگام پاسخ به آزمون از آنها استفاده کنید. برای از بین بردن بخش های رنگی دوباره روی آن کلیک نمایید.

دفترچه یادداشت

هر تعدادی که دوست دارید دفترچه یادداشت ایجاد کنید و نکات مهم را در آن بنویسید.
برای استفاده از دفترچه یادداشت بر روی قسمتی از درس یا آزمون که می خواهید در آنجا نکته ی مهمی را قرار دهید کلیک نمایید.سپس در آن قسمت یک دفترچه یادداشت جدید ایجاد میشود و با کلیک بر روی آن می توانید بازش کنید و نکته های مهم را بنویسید.