Comparatives and superlatives
A Forms Regular one-syllable adjectives:
A add -er and -est to the adjective:
Adjective : cheap
Comparative : cheaper
Superlative : the cheapest
Other examples: clean, dark, light, short, tall, slow
B add -r and -st to adjectives ending in -e:
late later the latest
Other examples: large, loose, safe, strange, wise
c double the consonant of adjectives ending in a short vowel and a consonant, and add -er and -est:
thin thinner the thinnest
Other examples: fat, sad, wet, red, big, hot, fit
2 Regular adjectives with more than one syllable
A use more and most in front of the adjective:
sincere more sincere the most sincere
Other examples: boring, careful, modern, comfortable
B change -y to -i and add -er and -est to adjectives ending in -y after a consonant:
happy happier the happiest
Other examples: dirty, friendly, funny, noisy, tidy, silly
C a limited number of two-syllabic adjectives can form the comparative and superlative in two ways:
stupid stupider more stupid the stupidest the most stupid
Other examples: clever, common, polite, quiet, gentle
D most adverbs form their comparative and superlative with more and most:
quietly more quietly the most quietly
a limited number have comparative and superlative forms with -er (or -r) and -est (or -st)
fast faster the fastest
Other examples: early, hard, late, long, soon
1 To talk about people or things that arc different in some way we use:
a Comparative forms of adjectives/adverbs + than.
I think listening is more difficnlt than reading.
For small differences use a bit, a little, slightly.
You need to work a little harder
For big differences use much, a lot, far, significantly.
My new car's much faster than my old one.
b Superlative forms of adjectives/adverbs:
That's the nicest thing you've said to me all day.
To emphasize the difference between one person or thing from all the others we can use by far:
This is by far the best book I've ever read.
c Less ... than and the least
Rugby is less popular than football here. That's my least favourite track on the album.
2 As ... as
a For people or things that are the same in some way we use as + adjective/adverb +as.
Size's as intelligent as her sister.
Almost, nearly; just, twice, three times, etc can be used to qualify the comparisons.
There were nearly twice as many people at the party as last year.
b So can replace the first as in negative sentences.
It's not so difficult as I thought it would be.
Quite and nearly can be used to qualify negative sentences of this type.
Her new film isn't nearly as bad as her last one. (= her new film is much better than her last one)
He's not quite so impatient as his brother.
(= he's a little more patient than his brother)
c The same + noun + as
My mom 's the same age as my dad.
3 The + comparative, the + comparative
We use this structure for things which occur together .
The more money I have, the faster I spend it.
برای دسترسی به دروس بیشتر به لینک زیر مراجعه کنید.
The ........ you study for these exams, the ........ you will do.
She doesn't really like vodka, so the ........ a bottle you find, the ........ it will be for us!
My neighbor is driving me mad! It seems that the ........ it is at night, the ........ he plays his music!
He spent a year in India and loves spicy food. The ........ the food is, the ........ he likes it.
Of course you can come to the party! The ........ the ........ .
Write correct or incorrect in the gap.
Much less water flooded into the house than I expected.
There are less people here than promised to come.
Tennis is a far harder game than football.
The more you protest, more guilty you look!
This house is twice as big as the other one we saw.
Your dog is so friendlier than my one.
That company is considerably richest than that one.
That's by far the largest dam I've ever seen.
Write the correct letter a,b, or c in the gap
Prague is one of the (1) popular tourist destinations in Europe. After all the political changes of the early 1990's, the capital of the Czech Republic began to take advantage of its beautiful cultural and architectural heritage to attract (2) tourists than ever before
Prague is a (3) city than many people imagine and it is (4) easy to move around this wonderful city on foot. Public transport is (5) in Prague than in (6) other European cities but it is often (7) to walk, enabling you to appreciate marvellous buildings you might have missed if you had been sitting on a bus or a tram.
(8) people leave the city of Prague without commenting on the superb food and drink available here. Eating out here is a (9) than it used to be but you can still have a three course meal for around $15 without any problems.
1.a. more b. most c. very
2.a. bigger b. more c. many
3.a. smaller b. more small c. smallest
4.a. very b. more c. such
5.a. very cheap b. more cheap c. cheaper
6.a. every b. most c. more
7.a. better b. more good c. most good
8.a. few b. much c. little
9.a. very cheaper b. little more expensive c. little cheaper
Put the correct for of adjective in the gap.
This exam was (easy) than the exam in May.
You should drive (slowly) or you'll have an accident.
My new home is (near) from work than the old one.
The test wasn't as (difficult) as I thought.
This is the (far) place I've ever travelled to.
You look much (thin) than the last time I saw you.
My new computer is a bit (good) than the old one.
September is the (busy) month of the year for us.
There are (few) people today because it's been raining a lot.
The (tricky) part of the exam was the listening.
با استفاده از ماژیک فسفری می توانید کلمات و بخش های مهم را برای خود علامت گذاری نمایید و هنگام پاسخ به آزمون از آنها استفاده کنید. برای از بین بردن بخش های رنگی دوباره روی آن کلیک نمایید.
هر تعدادی که دوست دارید دفترچه یادداشت ایجاد کنید و نکات مهم را در آن بنویسید.
برای استفاده از دفترچه یادداشت بر روی قسمتی از درس یا آزمون که می خواهید در آنجا نکته ی مهمی را قرار دهید کلیک نمایید.سپس در آن قسمت یک دفترچه یادداشت جدید ایجاد میشود و با کلیک بر روی آن می توانید بازش کنید و نکته های مهم را بنویسید.