generic pronouns

1 - You can learn a language faster if you go to live in a country where it is spoken.

2 - One should never criticize without being sure of the facts.

3 - When we talk about an accent, we must not confuse this with pronunciation.

4 - They always say that it's never too late to learn a new language.

    - They should make it a requirement for people to learn two foreign languages at school.

5 - If someone goes to live in a foreign country, they will have to get used to a different way of life.

   - Could the person who left their bag in the library please come and see me?


1 We often use you to mean people in general.

2 We can also use one+ 3rd person singular of the verb to mean people in general. One is more formal than you and is rarely used in spoken English.

3 We can also be used to make a general statement which includes the reader/ listener.

4 In informal English, we also often use they to talk about other people in general, or people in authority, e.g., They always say ... (they= people in general), They should make it a requirement ... (they = the government).

5 We often use they, them, and their to refer to one person who may be male or female, instead of using he or she, his or her, etc.

reflexive and reciprocal pronouns

1 You need to take care of yourself with that cold. He's very egocentric. He always talks about himself.

2 I managed to complete the crossword! I was really proud of myself

3 We decorated the house ourselves. There's no way I'm going to do it for you. Do it yourself

4 I don't feel very comfortable going to the movies by myself

5 My classmate and I don't talk to each other anymore.

   My mother and sister don't understand one another at all.

1 We often use reflexive pronouns when the subject and object of a verb are the same person.

We don't usually use reflexive pronouns with wash, shave, feel, relax, concentrate NOT, relax yourself

 2 We also use reflexive pronouns after most prepositions when the complement is the same as the subject.

After prepositions of place, we use object pronouns, not reflexive pronouns, e.g., She put the bag next to her on the seat NOT next to herself.

3 We can also use reflexive pronouns to emphasize the subject, e.g., We decorated the house ourselves (we did it, not professional decorators).

4 By+ reflexive pronoun = alone, on your own.

5 We use each other or one another for reciprocal actions, i.e., A does the action to Band B does the action to A.

Compare They bought themselves some new shoes (= A bought some for A, and B bought some for B). They bought each other some new shoes (= A bought some for B and B bought some for A).

it and there as pronoun

1 It's five miles to Chicago. It's 10 o'clock.

2 It was great to hear that you and Martina are getting married!

   It used to be difficult to buy fresh pasta here, but now you can get it everywhere.

3 There's a big crowd of people in the downtown area.

   There used to be a movie theater on that street, but there isn't one anymore.

   There are three meetings this week.

1 We use it+ be to talk about time, temperature, and distance.

2 We also use it+ be as a "preparatory" subject before adjectives. It was great to hear from you is more natural than  To hear from you was great.

3 We use there+ be+ noun to say if people and things are present or exist (or not). You cannot use It ... here. NOT It used to be a movie theater, on that street.


برای دسترسی به دروس بیشتر به لینک زیر مراجعه کنید.

گرامر صفر تا صد زبان انگلیسی

لسنینگ از مبتدی تا پیشرفته

لغات زبان انگلیسی به تفکیک موضوع

درک مطلب از سطح مبتدی تا پیشرفته

تمامی موضوعات آیلتس اسپیکینگ پارت یک، دو و سه همراه با جواب


آغاز دوره های آنلاین آموزش زبان توسط استاد خصوصی

اینجا کلیک کنید

ماژیک فسفری

با استفاده از ماژیک فسفری می توانید کلمات و بخش های مهم را برای خود علامت گذاری نمایید و هنگام پاسخ به آزمون از آنها استفاده کنید. برای از بین بردن بخش های رنگی دوباره روی آن کلیک نمایید.

دفترچه یادداشت

هر تعدادی که دوست دارید دفترچه یادداشت ایجاد کنید و نکات مهم را در آن بنویسید.
برای استفاده از دفترچه یادداشت بر روی قسمتی از درس یا آزمون که می خواهید در آنجا نکته ی مهمی را قرار دهید کلیک نمایید.سپس در آن قسمت یک دفترچه یادداشت جدید ایجاد میشود و با کلیک بر روی آن می توانید بازش کنید و نکته های مهم را بنویسید.