Countable nouns are nouns which can be counted.
one plate two cats five chairs
Uncountable nouns cannot be counted. They are not used with the indefinite article (a/an), they do not have a plural and they are used with a singular verb form.
Can you get some bread?
A lot of damage was done to the building.
The following nouns are usually uncountable:
news, accommodation, health, progress, advice, homework, research, damage, information, spaghetti, English, work, knowledge, travel, furniture, luggage, weather, graffiti.
1 Many words for food and drink can he used both countably and uncountably.
I've made a chocolate cake. (C)
Could I have some more cake? (U)
Would you like another coffee? (C) (= cup of coffee)
I don 't like coffee. (U)
2 A word used countably may have a very different meaning from its countable version.
I'd like a double room for one night. (C) (= hotel room)
There's no more room on this bus. (U) (= space)
1 Some uncountable nouns have countable equivalents with similar meanings.
There isn’t much work in this town. (U)
There aren't many jobs in this town. (C)
My job involves a lot of business travel. (U)
I have to make a lot of business trips. (C)
2 Some other uncountable nouns can be made countable by using piece(s) of or items of.
Let me give you a piece of advice.
Two items of news caught my attention.
3 Certain other expressions are used with words for food and drink:
a plate of spaghetti, a pinch of salt, a loaf of bread, a slice of cake/toast, a spoonful of sugar, a bar of chocolate, a carton of milk, a jar of jam.
a/an, few, a few, many, a large number of; each, every, several.
little, a little, much, a great deal of, a large amount of
some, any, no, a lot of, lots of, all, plenty of, most.
These two words have more negative meanings. They mean 'not much/many' or 'not as much/many as desired or expected'.
Sue has made little progress since the beginning of term.
There were very few people at the concert.
These have more positive meanings. They mean 'some' or 'more than expected'.
I've managed to save a little money to buy him a present.
I've still got a few eggs - enough to make an omelette.
This means 'a lot of or 'more than enough'.
Don't hurry, we've got plenty of time.
برای دسترسی به دروس بیشتر به لینک زیر مراجعه کنید.
Decide if the sentences are countable or uncountable. Write C or U in the gap.
1Scientist say that the environment is threatened by pollution.
2 I bought three bottles of mineral water for our picnic.
3 Successful candidate will join the camp later this year.
4 The exercise on this website is interesting.
5 Adult illiterates learn through a special government program .
6 The bread my mother prepares is delicious.
7 We need some glue to fix this vase.
We have ....... ideas.
2 There is ....... space in this room.
3 Can you give that plant ....... water?
4 ....... houses have central heating here.
5 The doctor told me to rest for ....... days.
6 I have ....... information about this.
با استفاده از ماژیک فسفری می توانید کلمات و بخش های مهم را برای خود علامت گذاری نمایید و هنگام پاسخ به آزمون از آنها استفاده کنید. برای از بین بردن بخش های رنگی دوباره روی آن کلیک نمایید.
هر تعدادی که دوست دارید دفترچه یادداشت ایجاد کنید و نکات مهم را در آن بنویسید.
برای استفاده از دفترچه یادداشت بر روی قسمتی از درس یا آزمون که می خواهید در آنجا نکته ی مهمی را قرار دهید کلیک نمایید.سپس در آن قسمت یک دفترچه یادداشت جدید ایجاد میشود و با کلیک بر روی آن می توانید بازش کنید و نکته های مهم را بنویسید.