Countable and uncountable nouns

A

Countable nouns are nouns which can be counted.

   one plate     two cats     five chairs

B

Uncountable nouns cannot be counted. They are not used with the indefinite article (a/an), they do not have a plural and they are used with a singular verb form.

Can you get some bread?

A lot of damage was done to the building.

The following nouns are usually uncountable:

news, accommodation, health, progress, advice, homework, research, damage, information, spaghetti, English, work, knowledge, travel, furniture, luggage, weather, graffiti.

C

Nouns which are both countable and uncountable

1 Many words for food and drink can he used both countably and uncountably.

I've made a chocolate cake. (C)

Could I have some more cake? (U)

Would you like another coffee? (C) (= cup of coffee)

I don 't like coffee. (U)

2 A word used countably may have a very different meaning from its countable version.

I'd like a double room for one night. (C) (= hotel room)

There's no more room on this bus. (U) (= space)

D

Making uncountable nouns countable

1 Some uncountable nouns have countable equivalents with similar meanings.

There isn’t much work in this town. (U)

There aren't many jobs in this town. (C)

My job involves a lot of business travel. (U)

I have to make a lot of business trips. (C)

2 Some other uncountable nouns can be made countable by using piece(s) of or items of.

Let me give you a piece of advice.

Two items of news caught my attention.

3 Certain other expressions are used with words for food and drink:

a plate of spaghetti, a pinch of salt, a loaf of bread, a slice of cake/toast, a spoonful of sugar, a bar of chocolate, a carton of milk, a jar of jam.

E

Words used with countable nouns:

a/an, few, a few, many, a large number of; each, every, several.

Words used with uncountable nouns:

little, a little, much, a great deal of, a large amount of

3

Words used with countable and uncountable nouns:

some, any, no, a lot of, lots of, all, plenty of, most.

The difference between Little and few

These two words have more negative meanings. They mean 'not much/many' or 'not as much/many as desired or expected'.

Sue has made little progress since the beginning of term.

There were very few people at the concert.

The difference between a little and a few

These have more positive meanings. They mean 'some' or 'more than expected'.

I've managed to save a little money to buy him a present.

I've still got a few eggs - enough to make an omelette.

The usage of plenty of

This means 'a lot of or 'more than enough'.

Don't hurry, we've got plenty of time.

 

برای دسترسی به دروس بیشتر به لینک زیر مراجعه کنید.

گرامر صفر تا صد زبان انگلیسی

لسنینگ از مبتدی تا پیشرفته

لغات زبان انگلیسی به تفکیک موضوع

درک مطلب از سطح مبتدی تا پیشرفته

تمامی موضوعات آیلتس اسپیکینگ پارت یک، دو و سه همراه با جواب

 

سوالات
Question No. 1/8

Decide if the sentences are countable or uncountable. Write C or U in the gap.

1Scientist say that the environment is threatened by pollution.

2 I bought three bottles of mineral water for our picnic.

3 Successful candidate will join the camp later this year.

4 The exercise on this website is interesting.

5 Adult illiterates learn through a special government program .

6 The bread my mother prepares is delicious.

7 We need some glue to fix this vase.

Question No. 2/8
Complete the following sentences with only one word. any, some, a, an, lot, many, much
1. We didn't have problems.
2. Do you want chocolate?
3. How people have sent you email?
4. I need information about train times.
5. We've got a of luggage.
6. There isn't space in the car.
7. I've bought new shoes but I didn't get shirt.
8. There's never petrol after Sam uses the car!
Question No. 3/8

We have ....... ideas.

Question No. 4/8

2 There is ....... space in this room.

Question No. 5/8

3 Can you give that plant ....... water?

Question No. 6/8

4 ....... houses have central heating here.

Question No. 7/8

5 The doctor told me to rest for ....... days.

Question No. 8/8

6 I have ....... information about this.

نظرات کاربران

ماژیک فسفری

با استفاده از ماژیک فسفری می توانید کلمات و بخش های مهم را برای خود علامت گذاری نمایید و هنگام پاسخ به آزمون از آنها استفاده کنید. برای از بین بردن بخش های رنگی دوباره روی آن کلیک نمایید.

دفترچه یادداشت

هر تعدادی که دوست دارید دفترچه یادداشت ایجاد کنید و نکات مهم را در آن بنویسید.
برای استفاده از دفترچه یادداشت بر روی قسمتی از درس یا آزمون که می خواهید در آنجا نکته ی مهمی را قرار دهید کلیک نمایید.سپس در آن قسمت یک دفترچه یادداشت جدید ایجاد میشود و با کلیک بر روی آن می توانید بازش کنید و نکته های مهم را بنویسید.