Useful Words for Pie chart

لغت های این قسمت را می توان برای همه ی رایتینگ ها به کار برد البته بیشتر برای نگارش پای چارت مورد استفاده قرار می گیرد. اگر بخواهید بگویید که یک درصدی از چه چیزی یا چیزهایی تشکیل شده است و یا چه چیزهایی سازنده ی بخشی از جدول ما می باشد می توانیم از این لغات بهره گیریم.

اگر بخواهیم بگوییم که مثلا یک گروه از چه چیزهایی متشکل شده است از کلمات زیر و گرامر زیر استفاده میکنیم. در اینجا کلمات قرمز به صورت passive و کلمات آبی باید به صورت active مورد استفاده قرار گیرند تا این معنی را بدهند.

The group consists of/ is made up of/ is composed of/ comprises/ is comprised of ten people.

برای اینکه بگویید چه چیزی یک گروه را می سازد از کلمات و گرامر زیر استفاده می کنیم. می بینید که همه به صورت active مورد استفاده قرار گرفته اند.

Ten people make up/ constitute/ comprise/ compose the group.

- The collection comprises 200 paintings.

- 200 paintings comprise the collection. (less frequent)               

- The United States comprises 50 states.

50 states constitute/ compose/ make up the United States.

- Afro-Americans account for 12% of the US population.

- A miniseries comprising five episodes (=a miniseries which comprises five episodes)

 

 

Account for/represent = to be a particular amount or part of something

In Japan, firms employing over 1000 people accounted for 50% of total employment.

This project alone represents half of the department's budget.

Women now represent 48% of the workforce.

 

Constitute =to be a particular part of something - use this especially to talk about scientific or official facts and figures

Children constitute four out of every ten poor people in the United States.

Nitrogen constitutes 78% of the earth's atmosphere.

 

Constitute = if a number of people or things together constitute something, they are the parts that together form that thing

Alaska is the largest of the fifty states that constitute the USA.

It is sometimes difficult to believe that the different groups living within our borders constitute a single society.

Because journalists don't think the congressman constitutes much of a threat, they don't write or broadcast stories about him.

 

Make up/form =to be part of a particular group of people or to be the thing on which something else is based

The six states that make up New England are Maine, Vermont, New Hampshire, Massachusetts, Connecticut and Rhode Island.

These seven people made up the entire population of Oakminster.

The results of these studies formed the basis of state education policy in the 1960s.

 

Consist of/be made up of =to be formed from two or more things or people

Lunch consisted of sandwiches and fruit.

The apartment consisted of three rooms.

The audience was largely made up of families.

 

Be composed of =to consist of something – used especially when saying which natural substances something contains, or what kind of people are in a group

Every chemical element is composed of atoms.

Venus’ atmosphere is mainly composed of carbon dioxide.

The team was composed of leading scientists from around the world.

 

Comprise =to consist of the things mentioned. Comprise can also be used to talk about the people or things which form something

The event comprises a champagne reception, two-course lunch, and a fashion show.

Men still comprise the majority of people who have the disease.

 

Make up (also constitute formal) to be the things or people that form something

Women constitute a significant part of the workforce.

Toys make up about 10% of the company’s sales.

 

Be composed of something (also consist) = to be formed from a number of substances, parts, or people

Water is composed of hydrogen and oxygen.

The legal system is composed of people, and people make mistakes.

NOTICE: Do not say that something ‘is composed by’ or ‘is composed with’ things or people. Say that it is composed of things or people.

 

Compose [transitive not in progressive] (formal) =to combine together to form something

More than 17.6 million firms compose the business sector of our economy.

جدول زیر تمام این مطالب را به صورت خلاصه توضیح می دهد.

Word

Meaning

Example

Account for

to be a particular amount or part of something

In Japan, firms employing over 1000 people accounted for 50% of total employment.

represent

to be a particular amount or part of something

This project alone represents half of the department's budget.

Constitute

to be a particular part of something - use this specially to talk about scientific or official facts and figures

Children constitute four out of every ten poor people in the United States.

Make up

to be part of a particular group of people or to be the thing on which something else is based

These seven people made up the entire population of Oakminster.

form

to be part of a particular group of people or to be the thing on which something else is based

The results of these studies formed the basis of state education policy in the 1960s.

Consist of

of to be formed from two or more things or people

Lunch is consisted of sandwiches and fruit.

be made up

of to be formed from two or more things or people

The audience was largely made up of families.

Be composed of

used especially when saying which natural substances

The team was composed of leading scientists from around the world.

Comprise

to consist of the things mentioned. Comprise can also be used to talk about the people or things which form something

Men still comprise the majority of people who have the disease.

 

 

Example

Water is composed of hydrogen and oxygen.

The legal system is composed of people, and people make mistakes.

More than 17.6 million firms compose the business sector of our economy.

Toys make up about 10% of the company’s sales.

Women now represent 48% of the workforce.

A miniseries comprising five episodes (=a miniseries which comprises five episodes)

Afro-Americans account for 12% of the US population.

50 states constitute/ compose/ make up the United States.

The United States comprises 50 states.

200 paintings comprise the collection. (less frequent)

The collection comprises 200 paintings.

Ten people make up/ constitute/ comprise/ compose the group.

The group consists of/ is made up of/ is composed of/ comprises/ is comprised of ten people.

Women constitute a significant part of the workforce.

The event comprises a champagne reception, two-course lunch, and a fashion show.

Venus’ atmosphere is mainly composed of carbon dioxide.

Every chemical element is composed of atoms.

something contains, or what kind of people are in a group

The apartment consisted of three rooms.

The six states that make up New England are Maine, Vermont, New Hampshire, Massachusetts, Connecticut and Rhode Island.

Because journalists don't think the congressman constitutes much of a threat, they don't write or broadcast stories about him.

It is sometimes difficult to believe that the different groups living within our borders constitute a single society.

Alaska is the largest of the fifty states that constitute the USA.

Nitrogen constitutes 78% of the earth's atmosphere.

نظرات کاربران

ماژیک فسفری

با استفاده از ماژیک فسفری می توانید کلمات و بخش های مهم را برای خود علامت گذاری نمایید و هنگام پاسخ به آزمون از آنها استفاده کنید. برای از بین بردن بخش های رنگی دوباره روی آن کلیک نمایید.

دفترچه یادداشت

هر تعدادی که دوست دارید دفترچه یادداشت ایجاد کنید و نکات مهم را در آن بنویسید.
برای استفاده از دفترچه یادداشت بر روی قسمتی از درس یا آزمون که می خواهید در آنجا نکته ی مهمی را قرار دهید کلیک نمایید.سپس در آن قسمت یک دفترچه یادداشت جدید ایجاد میشود و با کلیک بر روی آن می توانید بازش کنید و نکته های مهم را بنویسید.