FCE Listening part 4 word formation

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Listening 2 Part 4

Multiple choice
1 Look at the photographs of unusual sports. What do you think contestants have to do in each one? TALK ABOUT IT PLEASE

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What to expect in the exam
- Look at question 1 below and the following extract from the listening script. The underlined sections contain words which are the same or similar to words in all three of the possible answers A, B and C. Only one of these sections matches an answer; the others are distractors. Decide which is the correct answer and say why the others are incorrect.
Now you may think this is just a bit of fun , but when I watched two men competing in a televised match last year, I was amazed by their level of skill in each of these two very different disciplines . After all, boxing is such an aggressive, violent sport – it’s about using the body, whereas chess is all about using the brain.
- Although a particular option may be true, it may not be the correct answer to the question you are asked. In question 2, all three statements are true but only one is something that Mike finds it difficult to believe .

2 You will hear a man talking on the radio about unusual sports. For questions 1–7 , choose the best answer (A, B or C) .

Octopushing, elephant polo, ice racing or cheese rolling. Our sports correspondent, Mike Taylor, has been finding out about some of the world's strangest sports. Which is the most unusual one for you, Mike?
Well, I think it has to be chess boxing,
because it's such a bizarre combination. A match starts off with a four-minute round of speed chess, followed by a three-minute round of boxing. There can be up to six rounds of chess and five of boxing before a winner is decided. Now you may think this is just a bit of fun,but when I watched two men competing in a match on German television last year, I was amazed by their level of skill in each of these two very different disciplines. After all, boxing is such an aggressive, violent sport - it's about using the body, whereas chess is all about using the brain. You don't expect a boxer to be good at chess, or a chess player to be good in the ring.
Have you found any other unusual combinations like that?

No, but at the beginning you mentioned octopushing,
which is underwater hockey - so it's an unusual setting for a familiar game. I haven't seen it played, but I've read that it's a very exciting spectator sport - major tournaments have TV screens which show the images captured by underwater cameras. I've also read that you don't have to be very fit to play. But I'm not convinced, to be honest - it seems physically very demanding to me. The good thing, though, is that because it's a team sport, no individual player has to stay underwater for long periods at a time. People like me who can't hold their breath for very long can keep coming up for air.
Hmm, not one for me, though, I'm afraid.
What else have you got?
Well, there's wife carrying.
That's where competitors race over a 250- metre course with a woman on their back. The female participant has to weigh more than 49 kilos, but she doesn't actually have to be the man's wife. So it would be more accurate to call it 'woman carrying', I suppose. Anyway, if she isn't heavy enough she has to wear a rucksack with some kind of weight in it. The regulations are surprisingly strict.
Now that sounds alright. Fancy carrying me, Mike?

Er ... no. Bad back, I'm afraid.
Actually, there are quite a few sports like this one that rather irritate me.
Why's that?

Well, they're a bit ridiculous, to be honest.
Wife carrying, retro running, pea shooting, egg throwing ... they all seem very childish to me. I'm sorry if that upsets listeners, but they're just not sports I'd want to do or even watch.
So which one is the silliest?

Well, it has to be toe wrestling,
where you have to force your opponent's foot to the ground. It's fine for kids, and a toe wrestling competition is the kind of thing you might expect them to organize in the school playground. But for grown men and women to hold a World Championship every year, and then for organizers to apply for toe wrestling to become an Olympic sport - well, it's too daft for words. I'm just pleased the application wasn't accepted.
Alright. But you seem to like chess boxing and octopushing.
Are there any more that impress you?
Well, how about the Man Versus Horse Marathon,
which takes place every July in Wales? Human runners race cross-country against riders on horseback for twenty-two miles -that's around thirty-five kilometres - and on two occasions in the last thirty years, a human contestant has won. Now that's not as astonishing as it might seem - horses are fast in short races but not so good over long distances. But it does seem a little unfair that the human victories are not mentioned in the same breath as some of the world's more famous sporting achievements. These people are heroes, but they're virtually unknown outside Wales.
Yes, it's the first time I've heard of the race.
You're a runner, aren't you, Mike? .
I was, but I damaged my knee when I was skiing and had to stop.
I was a real enthusiast - used to run for a couple of hours after work every evening - but even then, I wouldn't have beaten a horse, that's for sure.
There's no shame in that! Right, thanks Mike.
time now for ...

Question No. /

1 When Mike saw a chess boxing match, he was surprised by

Question No. /

2 Having read about octopushing, Mike finds it difficult to believe that

Question No. /

3 What does Mike say about wife carrying?

Question No. /

4 What is Mike’s criticism of sports like wife carrying?

Question No. /

5 What do we learn about the organizers of toe wrestling?

Question No. /

6 How does Mike feel about the human triumphs in the Man Versus Horse Marathon?

Question No. /

7 Why did Mike give up running?

3 Would you be interested in taking part in or watching any of the sports Mike mentions? Why/Why not? TALK ABOUT IT 
Do you have any strange sports in your country? What do the competitors do? IS THERE?

Word formation: Affixes


1 Add an appropriate suffix, -or, -er or -ant , to each of the verbs in the box to form nouns for the people who perform these actions. You may need to make further spelling changes to the verbs.

Example: win – winner

Question No. /

1 win 2 box

3 play 4 spectate

5 compete 6 participate

7 listen 8 organize

9 run 10 ride

11 contest

2 Add either -ist, -eer, -ee or -ian to the pairs of words below to form the nouns for the corresponding people. Use the same suffix for both words in each pair. You may need to make further spelling changes.

Question No. /

1 employ2 train

3 electric 4 politics

5 novel 6 science

7 mountain8 engine


3 In 1–7 below, use the same prefix from the box with all three adjectives to make them negative. The first one has been done for you.

dis   un    in    ir    il    im 

 

Negative Adjectives 


EXAMPLE:  lucky/concerned/reliable   _________ UN __________

Question No. /

2 experienced/competent/tolerant
3 legal/logical/legible
4 moral/mature/modest
5 practical/patient/perfect
6 regular/responsible/relevant
7 honest/obedient/satisfied

4 What meaning do the prefixes in bold have in the following words?
undercook   overeat   prehistoric   postgraduate   hypermarket
microelectronics   misspell   rewrite   ex-wife   extraterrestrial

Question No. /

Look at the words above and find the meaning of the Affixes.

wrongly after too much/excessive(ly) before very small outside or beyond too little/not enough former very big again
re
post
hyper
mis
pre
extra
micro
over
ex
under

Article
Read the following Writing Part 2 instructions.  You have just seen this advertisement.  Write your article in 140–190 words. WRITE IT NOW

INTERNATIONAL SPORTS WEEKLY
• What is your favourite sport?
• Why do you like it?
• What advice would you give to someone who wants to take it up?
We are looking for short articles answering  these questions and we will publish some of the best articles next month.

How to go about it
- Before you write your article, read the model and analysis on page 202.
- To help you plan your article, answer the following questions and make notes.
Paragraph 1:
What is your favourite sport?
What is special about it?
Paragraph 2:
Why do you like it?
What are the benefits of doing it?

Paragraph 3:
What advice can you give to people who want to take it up?
Are any special qualities, equipment or clothes needed?
Paragraph 4:
What final encouragement can you give?
- Give your article a title and include some of the features of style

aggressive
خشونت آمیز
hold their breath
نفس را حبس کردن
long intervals
مدت طولانی
entirely appropriate
کاملا مناسب
criticism
انتقاد
they are not worth taking seriously
ارزش جدی گرفتن را ندارند
wrestling
کشتی
rejected
رد شد
deserve
سزاوار
recognition
به رسمیت شناختن
unlikely
بعید
a bizarre combination
یک ترکیب عجیب و غریب
competing
رقابت کردند
two very different disciplines
دو رشته ی خیلی متفاوت
violent
خشن
spectator sport
ورزش پر تماشاچی
physically very demanding
از نظر بدنی بسیار وابسته
participant
شرکت کننده
regulations
آئین نامه
strict
سخت گیرانه
irritate
آزار دهنده
ridiculous
مسخره.مضحک
impress
تحت تاثیر گذاشتن
contestant
رقابت دهنده
astonishing
عجیب
sporting achievement
دستاورد ورزشی
virtually
تقریبا
concerned
نگران
reliable
قابل اعتماد
experienced
با تجربه
competent
شایسته
legal
قانونی
logical
منطقی
legible
خوانا
moral
اخلاقی
modest
فروتن
practical
کاربردی
patient
صبور
responsible
با مسئولیت
relevant
مرتبط
obedient
فرمانبردار
satisfied
راضی
undercook
نیم پز
prehistoric
ماقبل تاریخ
postgraduate
تحصیلات عالیه
misspell
غلط املایی
ex-wife
همسر سابق
extraterrestrial
فرا زمینی

آغاز دوره های آنلاین آموزش زبان توسط استاد خصوصی

اینجا کلیک کنید

ماژیک فسفری

با استفاده از ماژیک فسفری می توانید کلمات و بخش های مهم را برای خود علامت گذاری نمایید و هنگام پاسخ به آزمون از آنها استفاده کنید. برای از بین بردن بخش های رنگی دوباره روی آن کلیک نمایید.

دفترچه یادداشت

هر تعدادی که دوست دارید دفترچه یادداشت ایجاد کنید و نکات مهم را در آن بنویسید.
برای استفاده از دفترچه یادداشت بر روی قسمتی از درس یا آزمون که می خواهید در آنجا نکته ی مهمی را قرار دهید کلیک نمایید.سپس در آن قسمت یک دفترچه یادداشت جدید ایجاد میشود و با کلیک بر روی آن می توانید بازش کنید و نکته های مهم را بنویسید.