Vocabulary 2: Health matters


1 In parts A and B below complete the gaps with one of the words from the box.

ear     tooth      stomach    nose    heart     blood

Question No. /

0 If you get a ... nose bleed, pinch it with two fingers until it stops.

1 She'll have a.... attack when she sees what you've done!

2 He'll have serious .... decay if he doesn't clean them regularly.

3 Of course he has a..... ache. He ate far too many cream cakes.

4 With such high ..... pressure you should eat less salt.

5 She's got a bad..... infection so she can't come swimming

ankle     nose     eye     throat      neck 

Question No. /

1 That's a nasty ... black . Did somebody hit you?

2 She's got a very ... sore . She can hardly speak.

3 I've got a ... stiff . It hurts when I tum my head.

4 You've got a ... runny . Would you like a handkerchief?

5 It's just a badly ... sprained . You haven't broken anything.

2 Study the collocations in the shaded boxes in exercise 1 for one minute, then cover up the words on the right in each one. How many can you remember?

3 Choose the correct alternative in each sentence.

1 My father wrapped a bandage/band round my sprained wrist.

2 You've cut your finger. You should put a plaster/plaster on it.

3 The doctor gave me a receipt/prescription for a course of antibiotics.

4 When I broke my arm, I had it in a plaster/plaster for about five weeks.

5 The nurse gave him an infusion/injection in his arm to help him sleep.

4   When was the last time you were ill?

Do you often have accidents? What about when you were younger?

Which of the conditions in exercise 1 have you suffered?


Part 4

 Multiple choice  2.36

1 The photograph shows a woman working with a personal trainer. What do you think the job of a personal trainer involves?


2 You will hear an interview with a personal trainer. For questions 1-7, choose the best answer (A, B or C).

On Health Matters today we have personal trainer Naomi Price. Naomi, what exactly does a personal trainer do?
Well, in my case I try to improve people's quality of life and overall health,
by helping them develop their fitness, strength and posture - and working on their diet, as well. These are the general goals, but of course, each client has their own specific, individual goals, so before we do anything, I carry out a needs analysis in order to establish exactly what it is a person wants to achieve. This includes asking them about their diet, their injury history and any medical complaints or conditions they have, such as high blood pressure. Then basically, I design exercise routines and give advice on nutrition in response to the information they give me.
And what reasons do clients have for coming to see you?

Oh, there's a wide range.
I get a lot of clients, especially older ones, who simply want to lose a bit of weight or lower their cholesterol levels. I also have a large number· of younger clients who've been injured while doing sport and want to get back to full fitness - that's mv area of expertise, it's what I specialize in. I also help one or two people train for marathons and triathlons, but mostly it's people who just want to improve their all-round fitness and as a result, their general self confidence.
And I imagine it's important to build up a good relationship with your clients.

Yes, it is.
I'm not one of those fitness instructors you sometimes see in films shouting orders at people to do fifty press-ups or run ten times round the park. Certainly, clients have to be dedicated and prepared to work hard when they're with me, but I also want them to enjoy exercising as well. So it's important, I think, for a trainer to bring an element of fun into the sessions, and I always make sure my clients have a good laugh when they come to me.
Now your workplace is your garage, isn't it, Naomi?

Well, yes, what used to be my garage.
I don't park my car there any more - it's full of equipment. There's a rowing machine, two treadmills, two exercise bikes and loads of weights and things. I've also got a massage table, but that's in my lounge, where it's warmer. And then with some people, I go to the park or a nearby wood to run or simply to add a bit of variety to the classes. Clients appreciate that - they've told me that other local trainers they've been with always hold their sessions inside.
You haven't always been your own boss have you?

No, I used to work in a gym.
The good thing about that was I learnt a lot from watching the other gym instructors and their interaction with the clients - both good and bad examples. I also got experience of working with a lot of different clients, but the trouble was, I rarely had the chance to build up long lasting relationships with them. The client list was different every month - someone would join the gym in April, say, and by June they'd be gone.
And is that why you left?

It wasn't the only reason.
I was getting tired of working on Saturdays, for one thing - I'd only had two or three Saturdays free in over a year. But it was the whole sales thing that I was least happy about. When they told me I had to persuade people to buy things with the gym's logo on it, that's when I made the decision to resign. I just didn't feel comfortable pushing T-shirts and baseball caps, as well as things like protein supplements people maybe didn't need. It's not my style.
Are you pleased you became self¬employed?

Oh, yes, I've got so much more freedom,
and so far, touch wood, things are going really well. I thought I might have to put adverts in the local newspaper to get business but those clients I brought with me from the gym tell all their family and friends about me and those people tell all their friends ... and so it goes on. The power of word of mouth.
Let's hope your success continues, Naomi.
Thank you for coming in to the studio.

Question No. /

1 When Naomi takes on a new client, what is the first thing she does?

Question No. /

2 Naomi says she has specialist knowledge in helping

Question No. /

3 What quality does Naomi believe a personal trainer should have?

Question No. /

4 How does Naomi's business differ from that of other personal trainers in the area?

Question No. /

5 What did Naomi find frustrating in her job at the gym?

Question No. /

6 Naomi finally decided to leave her job at the gym when she was asked to

Question No. /

7 How does Naomi find new clients?

If you had a personal trainer, what would your aims be?

What do you do to keep fit and healthy?

Word formation: Nouns 2

1  In the following extract from the listening, complete each gap with the correct noun form of the verb in brackets.

Question No. /

I carry out a needs (1) (analyse) ... This includes asking them about their diet, their (2) (injure) history and any medical (3) (complain) or conditions they have, such as high blood (4) (press). Then basically, I design exercise routines and give (5) (advise) on nutrition in (6) (respond) to the information they give me.

Check your answers in the listening script on page 235.

2   In 1-6, form nouns by adding the same suffix from the box to all four words in each group. You may need to make further spelling changes. There is an example at the beginning (0).

-al     -ight     -ing    -ship    -th    -ure   -y

Question No. /

0 hones ( honesty )... difficult ( difficulty )... safe( safety )... poor( poverty )....

1 say ... meet .... build ... advertise

2 press .... depart ...please ....sign

3 arrive ...refuse ...survive ...approve

4 warm ...deep ...true ....grow

5 fly ....see ...weigh ....high

6 friend ...member ...champion ...partner

3 a Complete each gap with an appropriate noun formed from the word in brackets.

The first one has been done for you.

Question No. /

1Laughter (laugh) is the best medicine.

2 Hair (lose) is not a problem, so no (solve) is required.

3 The secret of (succeed) is hard work.

4 Too much (choose) is a bad thing.

5 A little (know) is a dangerous thing.

6 Protecting freedom of (speak) is more important than protecting people from being offended.

7 There is no (prove) that alien life exists.

8 The most important (believe) is self- (believe).

b C) Discuss each of the statements in a.

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ماژیک فسفری

با استفاده از ماژیک فسفری می توانید کلمات و بخش های مهم را برای خود علامت گذاری نمایید و هنگام پاسخ به آزمون از آنها استفاده کنید. برای از بین بردن بخش های رنگی دوباره روی آن کلیک نمایید.

دفترچه یادداشت

هر تعدادی که دوست دارید دفترچه یادداشت ایجاد کنید و نکات مهم را در آن بنویسید.
برای استفاده از دفترچه یادداشت بر روی قسمتی از درس یا آزمون که می خواهید در آنجا نکته ی مهمی را قرار دهید کلیک نمایید.سپس در آن قسمت یک دفترچه یادداشت جدید ایجاد میشود و با کلیک بر روی آن می توانید بازش کنید و نکته های مهم را بنویسید.