Vocabulary 2: Paraphrasing and recording
1 If you paraphrase a sentence, you use different words to express the same meaning.
a In 1-8 below, complete each gap with one word so that the second sentence has the same meaning as the first. The second sentence is taken from the reading text on page 90. There is an example at the beginning (0). Do the exercise without looking at the reading text on page 90.
0 I start to look straight in front of me without looking at anything in particular.
I start staring into space . ( 4)
1 I can never seem to make them go away.
I can never seem to getof them. (16)
2 I work quickly to stop my suffering.
I work quickly to an end to my suffering. (27-28)
3 You can never really be certain about what you've bought.
You can never really knowcertain what you've bought. (41-42)
4 I can wear the same baggy old T-shirt for many consecutive days.
I can wear the same baggy old T-shirt for days on . (45-46)
5 Why would I make myself suffer the torture of shopping?
Why would I put myself the torture of shopping? (48-49)
6 A pair of trousers has just been delivered to me.
I have just delivery of a pair of trousers. (51-52)
7 The only thing I need to do is go to the post office.
A simple trip to the post office isthat's needed . (58-59)
8 I still get depressed when I have to buy new shoes.
My still sinks when I have to buy new shoes. (G)
b Check your answers in the reading text on page 90. The numbers in brackets refer to the lines in the text; the letter in 8 refers to the sentence G.
2 Paraphrasing is a useful way to record vocabuiary. Paraphrase the following sentences from the reading text and record both sentences in your vocabulary notebook. You do not need to change every word in the sentence. The first one has been done for you.
a ... when the conversation turns to clothes shopping .......... (2-3)
... when people start talking about clothes shopping .............. .
b ... I feel pressured into trying things on ... (18-19)
c I break into a sweat. (25-26)
d I head off in search of my size. (32)
e I'm not bothered if I look scruffy ... (B)
f The shop's fluorescent lighting is sometimes to blame for this. (E)
What to expect in the exam
Paraphrasing is relevant in all areas of the First exam.
In the Reading and Listening tasks. multiple-choice and multiple-matching questions often paraphrase what is written in the text or said in the recording.
In the Writing and Speaking papers. you should avoid repeating the same language and use a wide range of vocabulary and structures.
In Pan 4 of the Reading and Use of English paper, the transformations test your ability to paraphrase.
Multiple choice 1.46
1 What are the advantages and disadvantages of living in the country and living in a city? Which would you prefer?
2 You will hear part of a radio programme in which two people, Rebecca and Greg, are interviewed about their life in the countryside. For questions 1-7, choose the best answer (A, B or C).
1 Rebecca moved out of the city to escape
2 What gives Greg less cause for concern now that he lives in the countryside?
3 Rebecca regrets the fact that
4 What does Greg say about buses where he lives?
5 How does Greg react to Rebecca's concerns that her children may grow bored?
6 What does Greg say about the future?
7 What inconvenience does Rebecca mention in relation to her return to work?
Language focus 2: Expressing preferences
1 The following sentences from the listening show three
different ways of expressing preferences.
Now we prefer living with less noise (to living/life in a noisy city).
I'd prefer to stay in the village and work at home rather than do a nine-to-five job in an office.
I'd rather drive to work than go back to living in the city.
2 Complete the second sentence so that it has a similar meaning to the first sentence. Use up to five words.
1 We'd prefer to come back later rather than wait here.
We'd rather here.
2 I think it's better to pay by cash than use a credit card.
I prefer using a credit card
3 I'd rather phone him than send an email.
I'd prefer send an email.
4 She wants to stay in bed longer.
She'd rather up until later.
3 a Which of the following do you prefer doing and why?
b Which of the following would you rather do if you could or had to choose? Why?
با استفاده از ماژیک فسفری می توانید کلمات و بخش های مهم را برای خود علامت گذاری نمایید و هنگام پاسخ به آزمون از آنها استفاده کنید. برای از بین بردن بخش های رنگی دوباره روی آن کلیک نمایید.
هر تعدادی که دوست دارید دفترچه یادداشت ایجاد کنید و نکات مهم را در آن بنویسید.
برای استفاده از دفترچه یادداشت بر روی قسمتی از درس یا آزمون که می خواهید در آنجا نکته ی مهمی را قرار دهید کلیک نمایید.سپس در آن قسمت یک دفترچه یادداشت جدید ایجاد میشود و با کلیک بر روی آن می توانید بازش کنید و نکته های مهم را بنویسید.